Choose a location

Select a sunny location that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. Make sure the location is easily accessible and has good drainage.

Determine the size

Decide on the size of your garden based on the available space and the number of plants you want to grow. A common size for a square foot garden is 4 feet by 4 feet, which provides 16 square feet of growing space.

Create a grid

Divide the garden area into 1-foot sections by creating a grid using string or wooden stakes. This will help you plan and organize your garden.

Choose plants

Decide what you want to grow in your garden and choose plants that are well-suited to the growing conditions in your area. You can grow a variety of vegetables, herbs, and flowers in a square foot garden.

Determine planting density 

Use the square foot gardening method to determine how many plants can be grown in each square foot of space. For example, you can plant 1 tomato plant per square foot or 16 radish plants per square foot.

Create a planting plan

Use the grid to plan out where each plant will go in the garden. Make sure to leave enough space between plants to allow for growth and airflow.

Prepare the soil 

Before planting, prepare the soil by adding compost or other organic matter to improve soil structure and fertility.

Plant the garden

Plant each crop according to the planting plan. Water the garden well and mulch around the plants to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.

Maintain the garden

Water the garden regularly, fertilize as needed, and keep an eye out for pests and diseases. Harvest crops when they are ready and replant as needed to maintain a productive garden.