Varieties of Red Gram With All Important Details

Hello, friends welcome to the new blog on rabi crops in this blog. We are going to know the Varieties of Red Gram. Red gram is an essential pulse crop, consumed by all over the human population worldwide. Farmers mainly do red gram farming in the tropical region.

Farmers can cultivate red gram in all different soil, it can grow and give wonderful production in all different soil, but we need to protect the crop from water-logging conditions. We commonly know red gram with three different names that are Pigeon pea, Arhar, and Tur. You can read complete red gram farming in detail. Major red gram-producing countries in the world are India, Myanmar, Malawi, Uganda, Tanzania, and Nepal.

different Varieties of Red Gram

Let’s Know Varieties of Red Gram In Details 

We can divide red gram growing regions into four different parts, and for each region, there are different varieties of Red Gram according to the climatic condition. Usually, we cultivate red gram as rabi crops and in some regions as Kharif crops.

  • North-Western Zone: States that come under this zone are Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, J & K.
  • North-Eastern Zone: States that come under this zone are Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, and Assam.
  • Central Zone: States that come under this zone are Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Maharashtra.
  • Peninsular Zone: States that come under this zone are Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka.

 

Varieties of Red Gram grown in North-Western Zone:-

Early varieties of Red Gram:- Parbhat, UPAS 120, T 21, Pusa Ageti, Pusa 74, Pusa 84, Pant A 1, Pant A 2, HPA 1, TT 5, AL 15, Manak, H 77-216, Sagar (‘H 77-208’), BS 1.
Medium varieties Red Gram:- Sharda (S 8), Mukta (R 60). 
Late varieties Red Gram:- Currently Not discovered.

 

Varieties of Red Gram grown in the North-Eastern Zone:-

Early varieties of Red Gram:- Parbhat, UPAS 120, T 21, Pusa Ageti, Pusa 74, Pusa 84, Pant A 1, TT 5, BS 1.
Medium varieties Red Gram:- C 11, 20 (105) Rabi. 
Late varieties Red Gram:- Currently Not discovered.

 

Varieties of Red Gram grown in the Central Zone:-

Early varieties of Red Gram:- Parbhat, UPAS 120, T 21, Pusa Ageti, Pusa 74, J 9-
19, TAT 10, Visakha 1’(TT 6).
Medium varieties Red Gram:- Khargone 2, T 15-15, PT 301, JA 3, No.84, No.290-
21, Hyderabad 185. 
Late varieties Red Gram:- Currently Not discovered.

 

Varieties of Red Gram grown in the Peninsular Zone:-

Early varieties of Red Gram:- Parbhat, T 21, Pusa Ageti, BDN 2, PT 221.
Medium varieties Red Gram:- GS 1, CPDM 1, F 52, C 28, SA 1, Palanadu,
Late varieties Red Gram:- SA 1.

 

Short duration varieties of Red gram:-

Variety Name:-  Maturity Days:-
Pragati (ICPL 87):-  140 – 150 days. 
Pusa 855:- 135-140 days. 
Paras (H 22-1):- 135-140 days. 
ICPL 85010:- 125-130 days. 
Durga (ICPL 84031):- 125-130 days.

 

Hybrid Varieties of Red Gram

  • ICPH-8
  • PPH-4
  • AKPH-4101
  • COPH-2

Some Important Disease Resistance Varieties of Red Gram

  • Macrophomina blight:- the resistant variety of macrophomina blight is MRG-66 and MRG-1004.
  • Sterility mosaic virus:- Grow resistant varieties of Sterility mosaic virus, BSMR-853, BSMR-736 and ICPL-87119, ICPH-2740 (hybrid).
  • Wilt:-Grow resistant varieties of wilt are ICPL-87119, PRG-158, and ICPL8863, WRG-65, ICPH-2740 (hybrid)

Newly Released Variety of Red Gram

Redgram Vamban 1-

  • Duration of cultivation: 95-100 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get is 860 kg/ha

Redgram Vamban 2

  • Duration of cultivation: 170-180 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get 1050 kg/ha

Redgram VBN(Rg) 3

  • Duration of cultivation: 100-105 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Irrigated conditions is 884 kg/ha and in Rainfed condition 530 kg/ha.

Blackgram Vamban1

  • Duration of cultivation: 60-65 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Irrigated conditions is 850 kg/ha and in Rainfed conditions, 700 kg/ha.

Blackgram Vamban 2

  • Duration of cultivation: 60-65 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Rainfed conditions is 750 kg/ha.

Blackgram Vamban3

  • Duration of cultivation: 60-65 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Irrigated conditions is 825 kg/ha and in Rainfed conditions, 775 kg/ha.

Blackgram VBN (Bg) 4

  • Duration of cultivation: 75-80 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Irrigated conditions is 900 kg/ha and in Rainfed conditions, 780 kg/ha.

Blackgram VBN (Bg) 5

  • Duration of cultivation: 65-70 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Rainfed conditions is 820 kg/ha.

Blackgram VBN 6

  • Duration of cultivation: 65-70 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Irrigated conditions is 850 kg/ha.

Blackgram VBN (Bg) 7

  • Duration of cultivation: 65-70 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Irrigated conditions is 882 kg/ha.

Blackgram VBN 8

  • Duration of cultivation: 65-70 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Irrigated conditions is 988 kg/ha and in Rainfed conditions, 871 kg/ha.

Blackgram VBN 9

  • Duration of cultivation: 70-75 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get 1230 kg/ha.

Blackgram VBN 10

  • Duration of cultivation: 70-75 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get is 1130 kg/ha in irrigated conditions.

Blackgram VBN 11

  • Duration of cultivation: 70-75 days
  • The total yield of red grams we get in Irrigated conditions is 940 kg/ha and in Rainfed conditions, 865 kg/ha.

Conclusion:-

These are important varieties of red gram cultivated all over the world according to the environmental condition and soil type. Before doing the red gram farming, we will suggest growers check the local variety that is best and suitable for the farming of red gram in your area, also do the soil test and visit agriculture research institutes for good advice about the best growing red gram variety in your climatic condition and soil type.

Thanks to websites like research papers, and the Hindu to guide about different varieties of red gram cultivated all over the world if you have any queries you can comment below to ask.

Suraj Singh
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