Kharif Crops Examples of all 51+ Important crops

In this post, we have listed examples of all important Kharif Crops with details like the botanical name of the Kharif crop origin of Kharif crops, the kingdom of Kharif crops, and the family of the Kharif crops. In this list, you will get all Kharif crop examples.

kharif crops meaning:- Kharif crops are the type of crops that are mainly grown in summer, the sowing of the crop starts from the beginning of the rainy season in June, and we do harvesting of the Kharif crop in October.

Kharif Crop Example In Short

Kharif Crops In cereals:- Jowar, Maize, Millets, Rice. 
Kharif Crops In Fruits:-  Almond, Apple, Apricot, Banana, Cantaloupe, Chikoo, Coconut, Dates, Figs, Guava, Jamun, Litchi, Ridge guard, Mango, Muskmelon, Sweet orange, Pomegranate, Plum, Pear, Phalsa, Papaya, Peach, Sarda, Walnut, Watermelon. 
The Kharif crops are in the seed plant:-  Arhar (tur), Black gram (urd), Cotton, Cowpea (chavala), Green gram (moong), Groundnut, Guar (Cluster bean), Moth bean, Sesame (til), Soybean, Fennel (Saunf). 
The Kharif Crops in Vegetable:- Bitter guard (karela), bottle guard, Brinjal, Chilli, Green beans, Okra, sponge guard, tinda, tomato, turmeric. 
Example Of Kharif crops In Medicinal plants:-  Ashwagandha, Tulsi.

 

Kharif Crops Examples in cereals

1.  Jowar

  • Botanical name:- Sorghum bicolor
  • Origin:-India and Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:- Poaceae
  • Jowar chromosome number:- 2n= 20 chromosomes

jowar kharif crop

About Jowar:-

Jowar is one of the important cereal crops which is a staple food for poor people. We also used it as a fodder crop to feed livestock. Farmers grow Jowar in both seasons as rabi crops and Kharif crops. It helps us in improving our digestion as it is rich in fiber content. Jowar has also got industrial use in making gunny bags and we also use it for making alcohol.

100g of Jowar Contain Nutrients like:- 

Calories:- 349 Cal 
Protein:- 10.4 gram
Carbs:- 72.6 gram
Fats:- 1.9 gram
Fiber:- 9.7 gram

2. Maize

  • Botanical name:- Zea mays
  • Origin:-Central America and Mexico
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Poaceae
  • Maize chromosome number:- 2n= 20 chromosomes

maize kharif crop

About Maize:-

Maize is one of the most important cereal crops which is called a miracle crop. It has different types like Field maize(to feed livestock), popcorn, Sweet corn, Baby corn, Indian corn. We know maize as ” Queen of Cereals”. Maize has many industrial uses in making Starch, Corn floor, Corn syrup. We also use it in the paper and textile industry. Corn is rich in Vitamin -C and it is good for cancer and heart diseases. It is important to crop for the farmers because it comes in the List Of Cash Crops.

100g of Maize Contain Nutrients like:- 

  • Calories:- 86Cal
  • Total Fat:- 1.18g
  • Carbohydrate:- 19.02g
  • Protein:- 3.22g

3. Kharif Crops Example Millets

  • Botanical name:- Panicum miliaceum
  • Origin:- South East Asia
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Poaceae
  • Millet chromosome number:- 2n= 36 chromosomes

millet kharif crop

About Millets:-

Millets are one of the important cereal crops, grown all over the world as Kharif crops. We used them for human consumption and as fodder for animals, there are five types of millet that are Perl Millet or bajra, Finger Millet OR Ragi, Foxtail Millet OR Navne, Sorghum or Jowar/Jola, Barnyard Millet, Proso Millet OR Baragu/Varagu, Kodo Millet OR Arka.

Millets are rich in different vitamins, like Vitamin A, Vitamin B, phosphorus, and potassium, also contain antioxidants, calcium, Iron.

Nutrients per serving of a quarter-cup Millets:-

  • Calories: 189
  • Protein: 6 grams
  • Fat: 2 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 36 grams
  • Fiber: 4 grams
  • Sugar: Less than 1 gram

4. Rice

  • Botanical name:- Oryza sativa (Asian rice)
  • Oryza glaberrima (African rice)
  • Origin:-South-central China
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Poaceae
  • Rice chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

kharif crops meaning:- Kharif crops are the type of crops that are mainly grown in summer, the sowing of the crop starts from the beginning of the rainy season in June, and we do harvesting of the Kharif crop in October. Kharif Crops examples

About Rice:-

Rice is one of the common crops cultivated all over the world in large quantities, the popularity of rice can’t be expressed in words, 95% of the people all over the world consume rice as a stable food, and there are many health benefits of the rice like it is very easy to digest and improve the digestive system, very rich source of carbohydrate and proteins.

Kharif Crops list in fruits

Kharif Crops Example of fruits

5. Almond

  • Botanical name:- Prunus amygdalus, syn Prunus dulcis
  • Origin:- Afghanistan
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Almond chromosome number:- 2n= 16 chromosomes

Almond kharif crop

About Almond:-

Almond is one of the important cash crops. We mainly consume it as dry fruit. According to doctors and researchers, consuming Soaked Almond in the morning helps in improving digestion and also helps in improving memory power. Almond is rich in Vitamin E and proteins. Almond oil improves skin health, reduced ageing, and it is also used to improve hair growth.

6. Apple

  • Botanical name:- Malus domestica
  • Origin:-Central Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Apple chromosome number:- 2n= 17 chromosomes

Apple kharif crop

About Apple:-

Apple is cultivated all over the world. The demand for the apple is very much high, so farmers are earning a good profit by doing apple farming all over the world. There are many health benefits of apples good for our hearts. Help to lose weight prevents cancer.

Nutritional value per 100 g apple contains:-

  • Energy 218 kJ (52 kcal)
  • Carbohydrates 13.81 g
  • Protein 0.26 g

7. Apricot

  • Botanical name:- Prunus armeniaca
  • Origin:-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Apricot chromosome number:- 2n= 16 chromosomes

Apricot kharif crop

About Apricot:-

Apricot is cultivated all over the world in temperate regions. We eat apricot fresh or by cooking them. We can also preserve them by the method of canning or drying. In the market, we can easily get jam and jelly made from apricots. There are many health benefits of the Apricot like it contains a good amount of antioxidants, it is good for the heart, and it is best for the liver.

Nutritional value per 100 g Apricot.

  • Energy 201 kJ (48 kcal)
  • Carbohydrates 11 g
  • Fat 0.4 g
  • Protein 1.4 g

8. Banana

  • Botanical name:- Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana
  • Origin:-South East Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Musaceae
  • Banana chromosome number:- x=11 chromosomes

Banana kharif crop

About Banana:-

If we ask you to name the fruit that is mostly consumed all over the world, then the simple answer is banana. We know the Banana as the Apple of paradise and Adam’s figs, a banana contains essential nutrients that protect our health. Banana is one of the largest herbaceous flowering plants. Bananas can grow in all different soil. There are 10 different bananas

  • 1st. Cavendish Banana
  • 2nd. Pisang Raja
  • 3rd. Red Banana
  • 4th. Lady Finger Banana
  • 5th. Blue Java Banana
  • 6th. Plantain
  • 7th. Manzano Banana
  • 8th. Burro Banana
  • 9th. Barangan Banana
  • 10th. Goldfinger Banana

9. Kharif Crops Example Cantaloupe (Musk melon variety)

  • Botanical name:- Cucumis melo
  • Origin:-Tropical Africa
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Cantaloupe chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

Musk melon kharif crop

About Cantaloupe:- 

Another Kharif Crops example is Cantaloupe is a unique fruit rich in vitamin A and c, the fruit cantaloupe is very similar to watermelon, honeydew, cucumbers, pumpkins, and squash. We commonly know cantaloupe as rock melon in Australia. It takes only 3 to 4 months to grow, and we all know Cantaloupe is a Kharif crop.

10. Chikoo (Sapota)

  • Botanical name:- Manilkara zapota
  • English name:- sapodilla
  • Origin:-Mexico
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Sapotaceae
  • Chikoo chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

Sapota kharif crop

About Sapota:-

We commonly know sapota as Chikoo in India, we can mainly see the fruiting of the sapota in the Kharif season, Farmers mainly grow sapota in the temperate region, it is one of the best calorie-rich fruit, with a very delicious taste. In many European countries, Sapota is commonly known as sapodilla, sapote, naseberry, nispero, or chicle. The common variety of sapodilla is cricket ball, Kalipatti, Baramati, Calcutta round.

11. Coconut

  • Botanical name:- Cocos nucifera
  • Origin:-South East Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Aracaceae
  • Coconut chromosome number:- 2n= 32 chromosomes

coconut kharif plant

About coconut:-

We consume coconut fruit all over the world. Farmers use nine to twelve-month-old seedlings for coconut planting. Coconut is one of the important cash crops, and there are many products of coconut that are in high demand all over the world, some examples of coconut products are Coconut Milk, Coconut Chips, Coconut Sweet, Coconut Oil, and Dried Coconut Milk Powder, etc.

12. Dates

  • Botanical name:- Phoenix dactylifera
  • Origin:-Western Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Ericaceae
  • Dates chromosome number:- 2n= 28 chromosomes

Dates plant kharif

About Dates:- 

Dates are one of the important cash crops. Major dates growing country is Saudi Arabia, Iran, Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco, Pakistan, Spain, and the USA. The date word comes from Iraq. There are 15 different dates that are:- Medjool Dates, Omani, Piarom Dates, Deglet Nour Dates, Mazafati Dates, Barhi Dates, Thoory Dates, Ameri Dates, Dayri Dates, Halawy Dates, Khudri Dates, Zahidi Dates, Safawi Dates, Amber, Kalmi Dates.

Dates have a lot of health benefits. It is full of nutrition and very rich in fibers. Dates contain many antioxidants that help to fight disease, best for brain health.

13. Figs

  • Botanical name:- Ficus carica
  • Origin:-Western Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Moracaeae
  • Fig chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

fig kharif plant

About Figs:- 

Fig is one of the important Kharif crops. Fig is a very ancient fruit. It is mentioned in the bible as well. There are four different figs Common Fig or Edible Fig, Smyrna Fig, Capri Fig or Wild Fig, San Pedro Fig.

14. Guava

  • Botanical name:- Psidium guajava
  • Origin:-Peru
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Myrtaceae
  • Guava chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

guava kharif plant

About Guava:-

Guava is one of the important tropical crops, cultivated all over the world. There are 12 different guavas grown in all different countries. These are Red Malaysian Guava, Mexican Cream Guava, Lemon Guava, Tropical White Guava, Pineapple Guava, Sweet White Indonesian Guava, Red Indian Guava, Giant Vietnamese Guava, Ruby-X Guava, Thai Maroon Guava, Detwiler Guava.

There are many health benefits of guava like it boosts heart health, improves digestive health, helps in weight loss, guava has anti-cancer properties.

15. Jamun

  • Botanical name:-Syzygium cumunii
  • Origin:-Indo-Malaya
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Myrtaceae
  • Jamun chromosome number:- 2n= 40 chromosomes

Jamun plant

About Jamun:-

We know Jamun as Indian blackberry, Java plum, or black plum. jamun is a highly nutritious fruit. Jamun is full of nutrients. It is best for the heart health and the digestive system.

16. Litchi

  • Botanical name:- Litchi chinensis
  • Origin:-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Sapindaceae
  • Litchi chromosome number:- 2n= 28, 30 chromosomes

Litchi plant

About Litchi:-

Don’t get confused in the spelling of litchi. You can spell it litchi or lichi. Litchi is loaded with nutrients and full of Vitamin C. There are many health benefits of litchi like it is anti-cancerous, best for liver health, and rich in antioxidants.

There are nine types of Litchi. let’s know about it:- 

  1. Hak Ip (Ha Kip) Lychee
  2. Bengal Lychee
  3. Brewster Lychees
  4. Sweet Cliff Lychees
  5. Emperor Lychees
  6. Kaimana Lychee
  7. No Mai Tsze Lychees
  8. Mauritius Lychee
  9. Sweetheart Lychee

17th Kharif Crops Examples. Ridge guard

  • Botanical name:- Luffa acutangula
  • Origin:-Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Ridge gourd chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

Ridge guard kharif crop

About Ridge guard:-

Ridge guard is a very common vegetable crop grown in the Kharif season. The common name of Ridge guard is Chinese okra. Ridge guard has many health benefits, as it is best for weight loss, good for our eyesight, and helps to get rid of Constipation. There are eleven types of Ridge guard we will know about it:- 

Bottle Gourd (Lagenaria Siceraria), Bitter Gourd (Momordica Charantia), Sponge Gourd (Luffa Cylindrica), Pointed Gourd (Trichosanthes Dioica), Snake Gourd (Trichosanthes Cameroon), Ash Gourd (Benincasa Hispida), Ivy Gourd (Coccinia Grandis), Spine Gourd (Momordica Dioica), Apple Gourd (Praecitrullus Fistulosus), Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus)

18. Mango

  • Botanical name:- Mangifera indica
  • Origin:-Indo-Burma region
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Anacardiaceae
  • Mango chromosome number:- 2n= 40 chromosomes

Mango kharif crop

About Mango:-

The origin place of mango is northwestern Myanmar, Bangladesh, and northeastern India. It is one of the most popular fruits cultivated all over the Asian countries. The word mango comes from the Portuguese word manga, and according to Indian scientists, the word mango comes from māṅkāy Sanskrit word that means unripe mango.

There are over 50+ types of mango, we are listing some important types of mango:- Rainbow, Honey (Ataulfo), Francis, Haden, Keitt, Kent, Tommy Atkins, Graham, Irwin, Palmer, Valencia Pride, Kensington Pride, Glenn, Sein Ta Lone, Alphonso, Kesar, Dasheri, Chausa, Bombay Green, Langra, etc

19. Muskmelon

  • Botanical name:- Cucumis melo
  • Origin:-Tropical Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Muskmelon chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

Muskmelon kharif crop

About Muskmelon:-

The origin of muskmelon is Persia (Iran), known for its musky aroma. There are many types of health benefits of muskmelon, like it is best for our Immunity, good for our vision, helps us to lose extra fat. Etc.

There are over 20+ types of muskmelon, some of the important types are watermelon, cantaloupe, Honey Dew, winter melon, Casaba Melon, Persian melons, Galia Melon, snap melons, canary melon, etc.

20. Sweet orange

  • Botanical name:- Citrus sinensis
  • Origin:-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rutaceae
  • Sweet Orange chromosome number:- 2n= 18 chromosomes

Sweet orange kharif crop

About Sweet Orange:-

The origin places of the sweet orange are Southern China, Northeast India, and Myanmar. Sweet orange is consumed and cultivated all over the world in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. There are four different sweet oranges. They are Common orange, Blood or pigmented orange, Navel orange, Acid-less orange.

21. Pomegranate

  • Botanical name:- Punica granatum
  • Origin:-Iran
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Lythraceae
  • Pomegranate chromosome number:- 2n= 16,18 chromosomes

Pomegranate kharif plant

About Pomegranate:-

We use pomegranate juice for baking, cooking, juice blends, meal garnishes, smoothies, and alcoholic beverages, such as cocktails and wine. There are many types of pomegranates, but we usually cultivate 10 types of pomegranates and consume them. These are Angel Red Pomegranate, Ariana Pomegranates, Golden Globe, Sharp Velvet Pomegranate, Parfianka Pomegranate, Kara Gul, Pink Satin Pomegranate, Sweet Pomegranate, Desertnyi, Ambrosia.

22. Plum

  • Botanical name:-Prunus domestica
  • Origin:-Japan
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Plum chromosome number:- 2n= 16 chromosomes

Plum kharif plant

About Plum:-

Plum is a very important fruit. It is the first fruit in the world that a human being has domesticated. There are many types of plum, but 15 types of plum are consumed and cultivated all over the world; we are here going to list them all:-Mirabelle Plums, Elephant Heart Plum, Greengage Plum, Cherry Plums, Japanese Plums, Friar Plums, El Dorado Plums, Damson Plums, Moyer Plums, Lemon Plums, Plumcot, Black Plums, French Prune Plums, Blood Plum, Black Amber Plum.

23. Pear

  • Botanical name:-Pyrus communis
  • Origin:-Europe
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Pear chromosome number:- 2n= 34 chromosomes

 Pear kharif plant

About Pear:-

We cultivate pears all over the world and consume them all over the world. Pear has a good amount of fiber, Vitamin C, and vitamin k. There are many types of pear. 7 of them are the most important. These are Forelle Pear, Bosc Pear, Bartlett Pear, Taylor’s Gold Pear, Anjous Pear, Asian Pear, and Comice.

24. Phalsa

  • Botanical name:-Grewia subinequalis
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Malvaceae
  • Phalsa chromosome number:- 2n= 36 chromosomes

Phalsa kharif plant

About Phalsa:-

Phalsa fruit was first discovered in Varanasi, India. From there, it is one Buddhist scholar takes it all over the Asian countries. Phalsa is very rich in Vitamin C, which helps in the treatment of many diseases like Relieves Joint Pain, Treats Respiratory Issues, Remedies Hypertension, etc. 

25. Kharif Crops Example Papaya

  • Botanical name:-Carica papaya
  • Origin:-Tropical America
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Caricaceae
  • Papaya chromosome number:- 2n= 18 chromosomes

Papaya plant

About Papaya:-

We widely cultivate papaya all over the world and consume it all over the world. Papaya is very rich in Vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin e. Papaya has a good amount of antioxidants. Protect us from different diseases.

Types of papaya are:- Guinea Gold Papaya, Hawaiian Sunrise Papaya, Hawaiian Sunset Papaya, Hortus Gold Papaya, Kamiya Papaya, Kapoho Papaya, Oak Leaved Papaya, Peterson Papaya, Samba Papaya, Waimanalo Papaya.

26. Peach

  • Botanical name:-Prunus persia
  • Origin:-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Peach chromosome number:- 2n= 16 chromosomes

Peach plant

About Peach:-

Peach is one of the important fruit, and we can grow Peach in warmer temperatures. We can consume peach raw and also after baking. Peach is good for your health. It contains a good amount of nutrients and antioxidants, helps in digestion, best for our skin health; it also prevents some types of cancer.

There are four different types of peaches that are cultivated and consumed all over the world. The first type is Yellow Peach, the second type is White Peach, the third is Donut Peach and the last type of peach is Nectarines.

27. Sarda

  • Botanical name:-Cucumus melo var. reticulatus
  • Origin:-Israel
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitceae
  • Sarda chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

kharif crops meaning:- Kharif crops are the type of crops that are mainly grown in summer, the sowing of the crop starts from the beginning of the rainy season in June, and we do harvesting of the Kharif crop in October. Kharif Crops examples

About Sarda:-

The country developed the fruit sarda fruit in Israel in the agriculture research institute Ne´ve Yaar Research Center by the scientist Dr. Zvi Karchi. For the first time, they released it in the year 1973. Another name for Sarda is Galia melon. They kept it on Karchi’s daughter. That name means “God’s wave” in Hebrew.

28. Sugarcane

  • Botanical name:-Saccharum officinarum
  • Origin:-New Guinea
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Poaceae
  • Sugarcane chromosome number:- 2n= 80 chromosomes

Sugarcane plant

About Sugarcane:-

Mostly sugarcane is cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions of India. They used it as the raw material for sugar in India and other Asian countries. Jaggery is one of the most important products of sugarcane after sugar.

There are mainly three types of sugarcane chewing canes, syrup canes, and crystal canes.

29. Walnut

  • Botanical name:-Juglans regia
  • Origin:-Indo-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Juglandaceae
  • Walnut chromosome number:- 2n= 32 chromosomes

Walnut plant

About Walnut:-

The walnut fruit is full of specialty with a lot of demand in the market. Walnut is very rich in vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin E, and vitamin K. It is rich in different materials like iron, magnesium, and phosphate. There are many types of walnut 11 types are mostly consumed, are Northern California Black Walnut, Manchurian Walnut, Little Walnut, Japanese Walnut, English Walnut, California Black Walnut, Butternut, or White Walnut, Brazilian Walnut, Black Walnut, Arizona Black Walnut, Andean Walnut.

30. Watermelon

  • Botanical name:-Citrullus lanatus
  • Origin:-Tropical Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Watermelon chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

Watermelon plant

About Watermelon:-

Farmers can cultivate watermelon all over the world, in temperate, and tropical regions. We consume watermelon all over the world. There are many health benefits of watermelon, like it keeps our body hydrated. It has anti-cancerous properties; it is good for the heart’s health and it is good for skin health as well.

The common 13 types of watermelon are Icebox Watermelon Varieties, Sugar Baby, Blacktail Mountain, Seedless Watermelon, Big Tasty, Orange, Yellow And White Flesh Watermelon, Orange Crisp, Personal Watermelon, Golden Midget, Giant Watermelon, Black Diamond Yellow.

Kharif Crops List in seed plants

kharif crops meaning:- Kharif crops are the type of crops that are mainly grown in summer, the sowing of the crop starts from the beginning of the rainy season in June, and we do harvesting of the Kharif crop in October. Kharif Crops examples

31. Arhar (tur)

  • Botanical name:-Cajanus cajan
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Tur chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

Arhar plant

About Arhar (tur):-

One of the best legumes consumed all over the world, the demand for Arhar (tur) in the Asian and European markets, it is very nutritious and rich in proteins, arhar is rich in fiber content. We also know it as red gram. If you want to do the red gram cultivation or detail about red gram variety.

32. Black gram (urd)

  • Botanical name:-Vigna mungo
  • Origin:-South Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Blackgram chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

Black gram plant

About Black Gram:-

Don’t get confused between a black gram and mung bean. These two are totally different. There are many names for the black gram, urad bean, mash kalai, uzhunnu parippu, ulundu paruppu, minapa pappu, Uddu (in Kannada) or black matpe.

33. Cotton

  • Botanical name:-Gossypium
  • Origin:-America, Africa, Egypt and India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Malvaceae
  • Cotton chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

cotton plant

About Cotton:-

One of the best natural fibers is cotton, The demand for cotton is increasing day by day, it is also one of the best commercial crops. Farming of cotton started in 6.000 BC. The best thing for the Cotton soaks up to 24-27 of its own weight in water.

34. Cowpea (chavala)

  • Botanical name:-Vigna unguiculata
  • Origin:-Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Cowpea chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

Cowpea plant

About Cowpea:- 

We know cowpea by different names, like Cowpea, asparagus bean, black-eyed pea, catjang, catjang cowpea, Chinese long bean, clay pea, cow-pea, and cream pea, crowder pea, pea bean, purple-hull pea, southern pea, snow pea, yard-long bean. Protein content in cowpea is 24.8%, and fat content in cowpea is 1.9%, fiber content is 6.3%, and the Carbohydrate content in cowpea is 63.6%.

35. Green gram (moong)

  • Botanical name:- Vigna radiata
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Moong chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

Green gram plant

About Green gram:- 

Green gram is a very important pulse crop. It is very rich in nutrients and antioxidants. Moong bean is good for heart health and brain health. Green gram also helps us to lose weight.

36. Groundnut

  • Botanical name:-Arachis hypogaea
  • Origin:-South America
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Groundnut chromosome number:- 2n= 20 chromosomes

Groundnut plant

About Groundnut:-

We know groundnut by different names. These are monkey nuts, grounpea, and earthnuts. Groundnut is very healthy. It contains oleic acid that prevents us from cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Groundnut has a good demand in the market, by doing the cultivation of groundnut farmers all over the world are getting good profit.

37. Guar (Cluster bean)

  • Botanical name:-Cyamopsis tetragonolobus
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Guar chromosome number:- 2n= 14 chromosomes

Cluster bean plant

About Cluster bean:-

The common name of Cluster bean is Guar. This is one of the best cash crops. In the endosperm of the cluster bean, it contains 30-33% gum. This makes the cluster bean an industrial product and because of this demand is also high. Cluster bean contains Energy (Ecals)  16, Carbohydrates (gm) 11, Calcium (mg) 130, Phosphorous (mg) 57.

38. Moth bean

  • Botanical name:-Vigna Aconitifolia
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae

Moth bean plant

About Moth bean:-

Moth bean is known by different names like mat bean, moth bean, matki, or dew bean. It is a protein-rich food, so the demand for Moth bean is increasing day by day. The flavor of moth bean is sweet-nutty. Moth bean contains Potassium 50%, Iron 118%, Zinc 34%, Calcium 23%,, Copper 150%, Magnesium 187%, Manganese 155%, Phosphorous 137%.

39. Sesame (til)

  • Botanical name:-Sesamum indicum
  • Origin:-Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Pedaliaceae
  • Sesame chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

Sesame plant

About Sesame (til):-

Farmers domesticated sesame 3,000 years ago. We do the cultivation of sesame for edible seeds that are very high in demand. Sesame (til) is also known as benne. sesame is an excellent source of fiber and protein. It also helps in lowering the blood pressure, good for bone health.

40. Kharif Crops Example Soybean

  • Botanical name:-Glycine max
  • Origin:-Southeast Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Soybean chromosome number:- 2n= 20 chromosomes

Soybean plant

About soybean :-

Soybean is one of the most popular legume crops. It is one of the most popular legumes crops in the world. Soybean is one of the best protein sources for vegetarian people. There’s a good amount of vitamins and minerals in the bean. Soybean contains a good amount of fiber and protein. Per 100g of soybean contains calories: 172, water: 63%, protein: 18.2 grams, carbs: 8.4 grams, Sugar: 3 grams, fiber: 6 grams.

41. Fennel (Saunf)

  • Botanical name:-Foeniculum vulgare
  • Origin:- Southern Mediterranean region
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Apiaceae
  • Fennel chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

fennel plant

About Fennel (Saunf):-

We mainly consume fennel as a seed, we use it as a mouth fresher. The demand for fennel is very high, so farmers are earning good by cultivating fennel. India is the leading producer of Fennel.

Kharif Crop in vegetables

Kharif Crops Example in vegetables

42. Bitter Gourd (karela)

  • Botanical name:-Momordica charantia
  • Origin:-Indo-Burma
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Bitter gourd chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

Bitter Gourd plant

About Bitter Gourd:- 

We commonly know bitter Gourd as Bitter melon. This vegetable is rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, and other polyphenol compounds. There are many varieties of Bitter Gourd. These are White-Fruited Types of Bitter Melon, Green-Fruited Types of Bitter Melon, Tubercled Types, Long-Fruited Types, and Spindle-Shaped Types.

43. Bottle gourd

  • Botanical name:-Lagenaria siceraria 
  • Origin:-South Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Bottle gourd chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

Bottle gourd plant

About Bottle gourd:- 

Bottle gourd is a very important vegetable and comes from a family of Cucurbitaceae. We consume it all over the world because of its health benefits. We know Bottle gourd as Calabash. It is best for the healthy human heart. It contains a good amount of iron, vitamins, and potassium. In an Asian country, they know Bottle gourd as Lauki.

44. Brinjal

  • Botanical name:-Solanum melongena
  • Origin:-Indo-Burma
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Solanaceae
  • Brinjal chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

Brinjal plant

About Brinjal:- 

We commonly know brinjal as an eggplant. We cultivate brinjal all over the world. Because of its meaty texture and health benefits, it is very popular all over the world. Brinjal is very rich in antioxidants and helps us to control our weight, and it is best for heart health. In many research, they have also known Brinjal as anti-cancerous.

45. Chilli

  • Botanical name:-Capsicum annum var. glabriusculum
  • Origin:-Mexico
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Solanaceae
  • Chilli chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

Chilli plant

About Chilli:-

Chilli is very popular all over the world because of its taste. They cultivate chili all over the world. The demand for chili is very high all over the world. Farmers cultivate chili to gain high profits. We know it as the cash crop. Chilli promotes weight loss, it helps the human body to fight cancer; we also used it as natural pain relief. It is good for fighting various types of infection.

46. Green beans

  • Botanical name:-Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Origin:-Mexico
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Leguminoceae
  • Green beans chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

green beans plant

About Green beans:-

We cultivate green beans all over the world for their high nutritional value and outstanding taste. Green beans are rich in vitamin k and also a good amount of calcium. Most people eat green beans to maintain good and strong bones, it reduces the risk of bone fracture. During the pregnancy, Dr advised to consume green beans because it contains a good amount of folate.

47. Okra

  • Botanical name:-Abelmoschus esculentus
  • Origin:-Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Malvaceae
  • Okra chromosome number:- 2n= 130 chromosomes

Okra plant

About Okra:- 

In many English-speaking countries, we know okra as the lady finger, its a popular name. They cultivated it as Kharif crops all over the world. The demand for okra is high because of its taste and richness in nutrients. It contains a good amount of vitamin A and vitamin C. It also contains a good amount of antioxidants that protect us from different diseases. We know okra for its good amount of magnesium, Folate. It reduces the risk of some serious diseases like diabetes, cancer, and stroke.

48. Kharif Crops Example Sponge gourd

  • Botanical name:-Luffa cylindrica
  • Origin:-Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Sponge gourd chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

Sponge gourd plant

About Sponge Gourd:- 

We commonly Luffa or Loofah gourd, Sponge gourd is the perfect Kharif Crops Example, it is consumed all over the world for its taste and health benefits. Sponge gourd is best for human health in many conditions. It helps in digestion, as in modern times blockage of arteries is a very common health problem sponge Gourd helps to reduce the blockage of arteries and provides immunity to many diseases.

49. Tinda

  • Botanical name:-Praecitrullus fistulosus
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Tinda chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

Tinda plant

About Tinda:- 

We know Tinda for its rich content fiber. We commonly know tinda as an Indian round gourd or round gourd. In Asian countries, tinda is grown in a wild environment naturally as well. In 100g of tinda 86.2 kcal Calories is found.

50. Tomato

  • Botanical name:-Solanum lycopersicum
  • Origin:-South America
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Solanaceae
  • Tomato chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

Tomato plant

About Tomato:- 

The name tomato comes from the Spanish name tomate, The demand for tomatoes is very high all over the world because of its exceptional taste, and farmers cultivating tomatoes earn good profits because of its high demand in Asian and European countries. It is one of the best vegetable cash crops for farmers.

51. Turmeric

  • Botanical name:- Curcuma longa
  • Origin:-Southern India and Indonesia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Zingiberaceae
  • Turmeric chromosome number:- 2n= 63 chromosomes

Turmeric plant

About Turmeric:- 

Turmeric is a very common species used all over the world. It is one of the major ingredients in curry all over the world, this is because of its taste, color, and health benefits. We commonly know turmeric as Indian saffron or golden spices. Because of its outstanding health benefits, according to Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, the demand for turmeric is increasing day by day.

52. Ashwagandha

  • Botanical name:- than somnifera
  • Origin:-India and North Africa.
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Solanaceae
  • Ashwagandha chromosome number:- 2n=48 chromosomes

Ashwagandha plant

Ashwagandha is a very important medicinal plant, it is good for human health for increases immunity in the body, farmers do Ashwagandha farming and get good profit.

53. Tulsi

  • Botanical name:- Ocimum tenuiflorum
  • Origin:- India.
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:- Lamiaceae
  • Tulsi chromosome number:- 2n = 32, 2n = 36, and 2n = 76 chromosomes

Tulsi plant

Tulsi is a very important medicinal plant. In India, Tulsi is grown in all houses, and farmers do tulsi farming as a profitable business.

we have added a list of Rabi Crops examples check some plants that can be common in both lists because we cultivate them in both seasons rabi crops and Kharif crop.

We have collected all this information from different agriculture websites like agrilearner app, Farmer Government,business-standard

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