Kharif Crops Examples of all 51+ Important crops

In this post, we have listed examples of all important Kharif Crops with details like the botanical name of the Kharif crop origin of Kharif crops, the kingdom of Kharif crops and the family of the Kharif crops. In this list, you will get all Kharif crop examples.

Kharif Crop Example In Short

Kharif Crops In cereals:- Jowar, Maize, Millets, Rice. 
Kharif Crops In Fruits:-  Almond, Apple, Apricot, Banana, Cantaloupe, Chikoo, Coconut, Dates, Figs, Guava, Jamun, Litchi, Ridge guard, Mango, Muskmelon, Sweet orange, Pomegranate, Plum, Pear, Phalsa, Papaya, Peach, Sarda, Walnut, Watermelon. 
The Kharif crops are in the seed plant:-  Arhar (tur), Black gram (urd), Cotton, Cowpea (chavala), Green gram (moong), Groundnut, Guar (Cluster bean), Moth bean, Sesame (til), Soybean, Fennel (Saunf). 
The Kharif Crops in Vegetable:- Bitter guard (karela), bottle guard, Brinjal, Chilli, Green beans, Okra, sponge guard, tinda, tomato, turmeric. 
Example Of Kharif crops In Medicinal plants:-  Ashwagandha.

Kharif Crops Examples in cereals

1. Jowar

  • Botanical name:- Sorghum bicolor
  • Origin:-India and Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:- Poaceae
  • Jowar chromosome number:- 2n= 20 chromosomes

Jowar is one of the important cereal crops which is a staple food for poor people. We also used it as a fodder crop to feed livestock. Farmers grow Jowar in both seasons as rabi crops and Kharif crops. It helps us in improving our digestion as it is rich in fibre content. Jowar has also got industrial use in making gunny bags and we also use it for making alcohol.

2. Maize

  • Botanical name:- Zea mays
  • Origin:-Central America and Mexico
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Poaceae
  • Maize chromosome number:- 2n= 20 chromosomes

Maize is one of the most important cereal crops which is called a miracle crop. It has different types like Field maize(to feed livestock), popcorn, Sweet corn, Baby corn, Indian corn. We know maize as ” Queen of Cereals”. Maize has many industrial uses in making Starch, Corn floor, Corn syrup. We also use it in the paper and textile industry. Corn is rich in Vitamin -C and it is good for cancer and heart diseases. It is important to crop for the farmers because it comes in the List Of Cash Crops.

3. Kharif Crops Example Millets

  • Botanical name:- Panicum miliaceum
  • Origin:- South East Asia
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Poaceae
  • Millet chromosome number:- 2n= 36 chromosomes

4. Rice

  • Botanical name:- Oryza sativa (Asian rice)
  • Oryza glaberrima (African rice)
  • Origin:-South-central China
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Poaceae
  • Rice chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

Kharif Crops list in fruits

Kharif Crops Example of fruits

5. Almond

  • Botanical name:- Prunus amygdalus, syn Prunus dulcis
  • Origin:- Afghanistan
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Almond chromosome number:- 2n= 16 chromosomes

Almond is one of the important cash crops. We mainly consume it as dry fruit. According to doctors and researchers, consuming Soaked Almond in the morning helps in improving digestion and also helps in improving memory power. Almond is rich in Vitamin E and proteins. Almond oil improves skin health, reduced ageing, and it is also used to improve hair growth.

6. Apple

  • Botanical name:- Malus domestica
  • Origin:-Central Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Apple chromosome number:- 2n= 17 chromosomes

7. Apricot

  • Botanical name:- Prunus armeniaca
  • Origin:-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Apricot chromosome number:- 2n= 16 chromosomes

8. Banana

  • Botanical name:- Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana
  • Origin:-South East Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Musaceae
  • Banana chromosome number:- x=11 chromosomes

9. Kharif Crops Example Cantaloupe (Musk melon variety)

  • Botanical name:- Cucumis melo
  • Origin:-Tropical Africa
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Cantaloupe chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

10. Chikoo (Sapota)

  • Botanical name:- Manilkara zapota
  • Origin:-Mexico
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Sapotaceae
  • Chikoo chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

11. Coconut

  • Botanical name:- Cocos nucifera
  • Origin:-South East Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Aracaceae
  • Coconut chromosome number:- 2n= 32 chromosomes

12. Dates

  • Botanical name:- Phoenix dactylifera
  • Origin:-Western Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Aracaceae
  • Dates chromosome number:- 2n= 28 chromosomes

13. Figs

  • Botanical name:- Ficus carica
  • Origin:-Western Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Moracaeae
  • Fig chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

14. Guava

  • Botanical name:- Psidium guajava
  • Origin:-Peru
  • Kingdom:-Plantae
  • Family:-Myrtaceae
  • Guava chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

15. Jamun

  • Botanical name:-Syzygium cumunii
  • Origin:-Indo-Malaya
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Myrtaceae
  • Jamun chromosome number:- 2n= 40 chromosomes

16. Litchi

  • Botanical name:- Litchi chinensis
  • Origin:-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Sapindaceae
  • Litchi chromosome number:- 2n= 28, 30 chromosomes

17th Kharif Crops Examples. Ridge guard

  • Botanical name:- Luffa acutangula
  • Origin:-Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Ridge gourd chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

18. Mango

  • Botanical name:- Mangifera indica
  • Origin:-Indo-Burma region
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Anacardiaceae
  • Mango chromosome number:- 2n= 40 chromosomes

19. Muskmelon

  • Botanical name:- Cucumis melo
  • Origin:-Tropical Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Muskmelon chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

20. Sweet orange

  • Botanical name:- Citrus sinensis
  • Origin:-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rutaceae
  • Sweet Orange chromosome number:- 2n= 18 chromosomes

21. Pomegranate

  • Botanical name:- Punica granatum
  • Origin:-Iran
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Lythraceae
  • Pomogranate chromosome number:- 2n= 16,18 chromosomes

22. Plum

  • Botanical name:-Prunus domestica
  • Origin:-Japan
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Plum chromosome number:- 2n= 16 chromosomes

23. Pear

  • Botanical name:-Pyrus communis
  • Origin:-Europe
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Pear chromosome number:- 2n= 34 chromosomes

24. Phalsa

  • Botanical name:-Grewia subinequalis
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Malvaceae
  • Phalsa chromosome number:- 2n= 36 chromosomes

25. Kharif Crops Example Papaya

  • Botanical name:-Carica papaya
  • Origin:-Tropical America
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Caricaceae
  • Papaya chromosome number:- 2n= 18 chromosomes

26. Peach

  • Botanical name:-Prunus persia
  • Origin:-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Rosaceae
  • Peach chromosome number:- 2n= 16 chromosomes

27. Sarda

  • Botanical name:-Cucumus melo var. reticulatus
  • Origin:-Israel
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitceae
  • Sarda chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

28. Sugarcane

  • Botanical name:-Saccharum officinarum
  • Origin:-New Guinea
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Poaceae
  • Sugarcane chromosome number:- 2n= 80 chromosomes

29. Walnut

  • Botanical name:-Juglans regia
  • Origin:-Indo-China
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Juglandaceae
  • Walnut chromosome number:- 2n= 32 chromosomes

30. Watermelon

  • Botanical name:-Citrullus lanatus
  • Origin:-Tropical Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Watermelon chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

Kharif Crops List in seed plants

17th Kharif Crops Examples. Ridge guard Kharif Crops Examples

31. Arhar (tur)

  • Botanical name:-Cajanus cajan
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Tur chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

32. Black gram (urd)

  • Botanical name:-Vigna mungo
  • Origin:-South Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Blackgram chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

33. Cotton

  • Botanical name:-Gossypium
  • Origin:-America, Africa, Egypt and India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Malvaceae
  • Cotton chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

34. Cowpea (chavala)

  • Botanical name:-Vigna unguiculata
  • Origin:-Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Cowpea chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

35. Green gram (moong)

  • Botanical name:- Vigna radiata
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Moong chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

36. Groundnut

  • Botanical name:-Arachis hypogaea
  • Origin:-South America
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Groundnut chromosome number:- 2n= 20 chromosomes

37. Guar (Cluster bean)

  • Botanical name:-Cyamopsis tetragonolobus
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Guar chromosome number:- 2n= 14 chromosomes

38. Moth bean

  • Botanical name:-Vigna Aconitifolia
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae

39. Sesame (til)

  • Botanical name:-Sesamum indicum
  • Origin:-Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Pedaliaceae
  • Sesame chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

40. Kharif Crops Example Soybean

  • Botanical name:-Glycine max
  • Origin:-Southeast Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Fabaceae
  • Soybean chromosome number:- 2n= 20 chromosomes

41. Fennel (Saunf)

  • Botanical name:-Foeniculum vulgare
  • Origin:- Southern Mediterranean region
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Apiaceae
  • Fennel chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes
Kharif Crop in vegetables

Kharif Crops Example in vegetables

42. Bitter guard (karela)

  • Botanical name:-Momordica charantia
  • Origin:-Indo-Burma
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Bitter gourd chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

43. Bottle guard

  • Botanical name:-Lagenaria siceraria 
  • Origin:-South Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Bottle gourd chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

44. Brinjal

  • Botanical name:-Solanum melongena
  • Origin:-Indo-Burma
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Solanaceae
  • Brinjal chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

45. Chilli

  • Botanical name:-Capsicum annum var. glabriusculum
  • Origin:-Mexico
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Solanaceae
  • Chilli chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

46. Green beans

  • Botanical name:-Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Origin:-Mexico
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Leguminoceae
  • Green beans chromosome number:- 2n= 22 chromosomes

47. Okra

  • Botanical name:-Abelmoschus esculentus
  • Origin:-Africa
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Malvaceae
  • Okra chromosome number:- 2n= 130 chromosomes

48. Kharif Crops Example Sponge guard

  • Botanical name:-Luffa cylindrica
  • Origin:-Asia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Sponge gourd chromosome number:- 2n= 26 chromosomes

49. Tinda

  • Botanical name:-Praecitrullus fistulosus
  • Origin:-India
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Cucurbitaceae
  • Tinda chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

50. Tomato

  • Botanical name:-Solanum lycopersicum
  • Origin:-South America
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Solanaceae
  • Tomato chromosome number:- 2n= 24 chromosomes

51. Turmeric

  • Botanical name:- Curcuma longa
  • Origin:-Southern India and Indonesia
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Zingiberaceae
  • Turmeric chromosome number:- 2n= 63 chromosomes

52. Ashwagandha

  • Botanical name:- than somnifera
  • Origin:-India and North Africa.
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:-Solanaceae
  • Ashwagandha chromosome number:- 2n=48 chromosomes

Ashwagandha is a very important medicinal plant, it is good for human health for increasing immunity in the body, farmers do Ashwagandha farming and get good profit.

53. Tulsi

  • Botanical name:- Ocimum tenuiflorum
  • Origin:- India.
  • Kingdom:- Plantae
  • Family:- Lamiaceae
  • Tulsi chromosome number:- 2n = 32, 2n = 36, and 2n = 76 chromosomes

Tulsi is a very important medicinal plant, India Tulsi is grown in all houses, farmers do tulsi farming as a profitable business.

we have added a list of Rabi Crops examples check it some plants that can be common in both lists because we cultivate it in both season rabi crops and Kharif crop.

We have collected all this information from different agriculture websites like agrilearner app, Farmer Government,business-standard

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