Hello friend, you are very much welcome to our new blog on crop boosters. In this rabi crops blog, we are going to explain all the different nutrients used in crop boosters and different phases of plant growth. You will understand what a crop booster is? What is the difference between micro and macronutrients?
You will know all the different organic and inorganic fertilizers used in crop boosters. This blog will be the complete knowledge about the crop booster.
The most common question that comes to our mind is:
What is a crop booster?
A crop booster is the complex mixture of all different nutrients that are required by the crop for their proper vegetative growth and development mainly it contains the nutrients which are unavailable in the soil for each crop there will be a different crop booster for each plant according to their requirement of the growth and development. Sometimes crop boosters are also selected based on the soil where we are growing the crop.
- To understand the concept of a Crop booster, we will give one example of coconut essential nutrients: potassium and nitrogen.
- Then the crop booster For this crop will be the mixture of potassium and nitrogen before making the crop booster.
- We need to know the essential nutrients required by that crop for proper growth and development for making crop booster.
With coconut, the essential nutrients are potassium and nitrogen, so we will make a booster by the mixture of these two nutrients. We also need to understand the major nutrient required for the crop
A crop booster will not only be a mixture of only two essential nutrients, it will be a mixture of all those nutrients that are required for the proper growth and development of the plant.
We have to enlist all the nutrients that are required for that crop. After enlisting all the required nutrients for the crop, we have to check which one is the most essential nutrient for that crop.
For example, in the vegetative growth and development of the coconut, potassium is required more after that nitrogen is required and after that other micronutrients, so quantity will be also based on the requirement.
For each crop, you will get a different crop booster or crop tonic according to the requirement of that crop.
We are going to enlist some important crops and their crop booster, crop booster names can also change according to Region to region so we will also write essential nutrients that are required by that crop for proper vegetative growth and development so that farmers can choose crop booster for their crops.
For some crops, boosters will also come with growth hormones that will boost the vegetative growth of the plant and also protect the plant from different diseases and disorders.
Rice crop requires nitrogen, calcium, carbonate, phosphorus, magnesium, oxygen, potassium, sulfur, zinc, iron, chlorine molybdenum, Boron, copper all this macronutrient and micronutrients for the proper growth and development so crop boosters of the rice will be the mixture of all these nutrients in the proper amount.
Pulse crop requires many growth regulators that help them in the vegetative growth and development of the plant. So the crop booster of the Pulse will include a different type of growth regulator and hormones that will be effective in controlling disease and disorders like flower shading.
It will also increase the yield of the pulse from 20 to 40% crop booster and also make the plant tolerant of different climatic conditions.
A common problem for the groundnut plant is pod filling. Let yield and less flowering. Crop booster will increase the yield of the groundnut, improve the pod filling, and also improve the flowering condition of the plant. It will contain all essential nutrients that are required for increasing yield, increasing vegetative growth of the plant, and also making the plant tolerant of drought-like conditions.
Before knowing all about the different nutrients and crop boosters, first, you need to understand three different phases of plant growth.
- We know the first page of the plant growth as the lag phase.
- We know the second phase of plant growth as the log phase.
- We know the third page of the plant growth as the Steady phase.
In every phase, the plant needs to meet its requirement to complete its life cycle.
So we are here to explain what actually a plant needs for its structural support and growth. First, we should know whether the plant is placed in good soil. Because of the pollution and environmental factors, the soil is losing its actual tendency for plant growth. For that purpose, we need to manually inject some nutrients as fertilizers to help the plant.
Let us know how many nutrients are available and what are they.?
You will be surprised to know that plants use 90 nutrients & elements from the soil and all different sources during their growth and development, but till now only 64 nutrients are known by the tissue analysis of plants.
Based on the quantity of the use, we can categorize nutrients into two different categories: the first one will be the micronutrient and the second one will be the macronutrient.
To understand the difference between the micronutrients and macronutrients, you just need to understand that the micronutrient requirement of plants is very less compared to macronutrients.
|Micro Nutrients||Macro Nutrients|
|Boron (B)||Carbon (C)|
|Chlorine (Cl)||Calcium (Ca)|
|Copper (Cu)||Hydrogen (H)|
|Cobalt (Co)||Magnesium (Mg)|
|Iron (Fe)||Nitrogen (N)|
|Manganese (Mn)||Oxygen (O)|
|Molybdenum (Mo)||Phosphorous (Ph)|
|Nickel (Ni)||Potassium (K)|
|Sodium (Na)||Sulfur (S)|
For making you understand more about the nutrients, we will divide nutrients on the basis of their working condition
Group-I: C, H, O, Ca.
These are basic structural elements and major constituents of plants (carbohydrates, proteins and fats) and organic matter. They provide energy for growth and development by oxidative breakdown.
Group-II: N, P & S
Essential components of metabolically active compounds like amino acids, proteins, enzymes and non-proteinaceous compounds. They are involved in energy storage (ATP & ADP) and transfer.
Group-III: K, Ca, Mg
These are regulators & carriers mostly of plant metabolism. They involve the synthesis and translocation of carbohydrates, maintain ionic charge balance, and induce enzyme activation.
Group-IV: Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B, Mo, Cl
These are catalysts and activators which involve oxidation-reduction reactions, and chlorophyll synthesis and also exist in organic combinations.
Apart from nutrients, Plant growth hormones (phytohormones) are needed to control the complete plant life cycle, including germination, rooting, growth, flowering, fruit ripening, foliage and death.
Plant growth regulators include auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, growth retardants and growth inhibitors.
We applied fertilizers to plants for nutritional enhancement, faster growth and gave healthy yields.
We can grow plants with either Organic Fertilizers or Inorganic Fertilizers.
Even though the properties of both organic and inorganic fertilizers are the same for the synthesis of plant growth, we see the difference in their toxic and non-toxic nature in the long run.
Organic fertilizers are derived from fresh or dried plant material, animal manures or agricultural by-products. The nutrient content in organic fertilizers varies among source materials, and readily biodegradable materials make better nutrient sources.
Nitrogen and phosphorus contents are lower in organic fertilizers compared to chemical fertilizers. Moisture content is another factor that dilutes the nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations of organic fertilizers. Thus, it can be cost-ineffective to transport high-moisture, organic fertilizer long distances.
The main key points of organic fertilizers are:
- Slow-release of nutrients.
- Non-toxic in nature.
- Not harmful to the environment.
- Good for long-run soil health.
- Expensive compared to chemical fertilizers.
We observed its nutrient content in the animal manures is very much higher than compared to the agriculture by-product as they contain large amounts of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and other macro-and micronutrients.
We will know all the different organic fertilizers and their names
The first type of organic fertilizer is plant-based fertilizer:- Vermi-compost, Alpha Alpha, different feed Melss like cottonseed meal, Soya Meal and legume cover crop fertilizer that is also known as green manure comes under plant-based fertilizer.
The second type of organic fertilizer is animal-based fertilizer:- Bone meal, Blood meal and Fish emulsion. These all come under animal-based organic fertilizer.
The third type of organic fertilizer is mineral-based organic fertilizer:- Epsom salt is the perfect example of the single best organic fertilizer.
Inorganic fertilizers are chemical fertilizers that are known for their quick action and result in the crop. They provide all the essential nutrients fast to the roots of the plant.
Farmers use organic fertilizer because of their quick responsibility and immediate effect. But long-term inorganic fertilizer is not good for soil health and the environment. It contains different chemicals which are not good for human health and soil health.
We categorized inorganic fertilizers into three types:
The first type of Inorganic fertilizers is Nitrogen-based fertilizers:- Under this, we can find fertilizers that have high amounts of nitrogen content, for example, Ammonium Nitrate, Potassium nitrate, Calcium nitrate and Urea.
The second type of Inorganic fertilizers is Potassium based fertilizers:- Fertilizers with high amounts of potassium come under this category and common examples of this type of fertilizer are Potassium Sulfate, Potassium nitrate and Muriate of potash.
The third type of Inorganic fertilizer is Phosphorus based fertilizers:- Under this category, fertilizers that contain high phosphorus content and examples are Rock phosphate and ammonium phosphate.
Now, we will know all the different fertilizers that are used in crop boosters.
Organic Fertilizer Used In Crop Boosters
- Cottonseed meal plant-based fertilizer comes under organic fertilizer.
- Farmers use cottonseed meal because it contains a large amount of nitrogen.
- It is the byproduct that is got from the cotton crop after they extracted oil from the cottonseed. They use the leftover in animal feed and fertilizers.
- It is not only providing nitrogen, it also provides potassium and phosphorus to the plant.
- Nitrogen potassium and phosphorus content in the cottonseed meal is at the ratio of 6:2:2
- Alpha-Alpha Is a Plant-based organic fertilizer that is made by fermentation of alfalfa plants and seeds.
- Alfalfa has a very rich amount of triacontanol, which is a Plant hormone that is known as a Natural growth promoter. This hormone handles proper growth and development in the plant.
- A major benefit of using Alpha Alpha organic fertilizer is that it increases the crop yield and also improves the health of the soil.
- It also contains nitrogen phosphorus and potassium in the ratio of 3:1:2
Corn gluten meal:
- Corn gluten meal is a very popular plant-based organic fertilizer.
- It is the byproduct of cornstarch manufacturing.
- Farmers use corn gluten meal as a Natural weedicide because it can control the growth of weeds.
- It also contains a high amount of Nitrogen so it is very beneficial for the crop.
- Phosphorus and Potassium content are not available in corn gluten meals.
- Soya Meal is the plant-based organic fertilizer used in many countries by farmers.
- It contains many essential amino acids that help in plant growth and development.
- Soya meal contains nitrogen phosphorus and potassium at the ratio of 7:2:1.
- Compost is the most common organic fertilizer used by farmers; They made it from plant and food waste.
- Compost improves soil fertility and gives a boost to soil health.
- Compost is easily available, and it is environmentally friendly. It contains a large amount of nitrogen, a small amount of phosphorus and a large amount of potassium.
- Nitrogen Phosphorus and potassium content in compost is in the ratio of 10:3:10
- Bone meal is an animal-based organic fertilizer they mainly made from the bones by grinding it into fine and granular form.
- It is rich in phosphorus. It is best used to fertilize flowering plants and root crops.
- Nitrogen Phosphorus and potassium content in a Bone meal is in the ratio of 3:15:0
- A blood meal is an animal-based organic fertilizer.
- It is a dry, inert powder made from blood.
- Because Blood meal has a highly concentrated source of nitrogen, it is quick to fix nitrogen deficiency.
- We used it as a pest control fertilizer.
- Nitrogen Phosphorus and Potassium content in a Blood meal is in the ratio of 12:0:0
- A blood meal is an animal-based organic fertilizer that comprises hydrated magnesium sulfate.
- Epsom salt helps to improve flower blooming and increases chlorophyll production
- Primarily roses, tomatoes, and peppers benefit from Epsom salt.
- Nitrogen Phosphorus and potassium content in an Epsom salt is in the ratio of 20:20:20
Inorganic Fertilizer Used In Crop Boosters
- Ammonium nitrate is colourless crystal salt used in herbicides and insecticides manufacturing.
- It provides nitrogen from both ammonia and nitrate.
- We used mostly it in vegetable farming and in pasture fertilization because of the high nitrogen content.
- Nitrogen Phosphorus and Potassium content in an Ammonium nitrate is in the ratio of 34:0:0
- We also know potassium nitrate as the nitrate of potash.
- It is soluble in water and is best for drip irrigation and foliar application of fertilizer.
- Nitrogen Phosphorus and Potassium content in a Potassium nitrate is in the ratio of 13:0:45
- We know calcium nitrate as a double salt since it has a high amount of sodium.
- It helps with cell formation, protein production and leaf growth. It maximizes your crop’s strength.
- It helps plants to produce larger fruit
- This is done by mixing limestone and nitric acid, followed by ammonia.
- Nitrogen Phosphorus and Potassium content in a Calcium nitrate is in the ratio of 15:0:0
- Potassium sulfate doesn’t contain chloride and has a low salt index. Good source of potassium and sulfur.
- They should use this in the pre and post-flowering stages for crops.
- The drip irrigation method and the leafy spray method can use both.
- Nitrogen Phosphorus and potassium content in a Potassium sulfate is in the ratio of 0:0:42
- The content of sulfur is 17%
- Rock phosphate is a sedimentary rock that contains high amounts of phosphorus and we also know it as phosphorite.
- Flower plants love phosphate rock fertilizers as it helps them develop more buds and a stronger root system.
- Powdered rock phosphate is excellent for crops like coffee, tea, apples, rubber, and citrus cultivation.
- They apply this before 7 days of sowing, which results in maximum nodulation, growth, and productivity.
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All the information given in this blog is our own experience and we collect some information from different fertilizer research papers special thanks to them as well. pnas, link sprinkle, online library.