Anthurium Splendidum Care Guide With All Important Details

 

Today, after reading a blog about Anthurium Splendidum care, you are going to become an expert in Anthurium Splendidum growing. We will share our own experience of growing add-ons with all collected information from different research papers and magazines.

Introduction To Anthurium Splendidum

It is one of the rarest plants in the Anthurium family with extraordinary beauty and looks. The major attraction of the Anthurium Splendidum is the bullate look on the leaf of the plant. This gives the plant a very special look.

The common query that comes to our mind is how this bubble-like structure is helping plant, and I got the answer by studying different research papers. It increases the capacity of a plant to capture light from different directions and another benefit is in this type of leaf is water will not be stagnant, it will flow down from the leaves.

We should thank Mr. George Wagner, who is from Orlando, Florida, for introducing this beautiful plant in the year 1950 in our homes as an indoor plant. After this Mr Ervin Wurthmann who lives in Tampa, Florida, first propagated this beautiful plant.

About Anthurium Splendidum Care In Short

Family:-  Araceae. 
Origin:-  Orlando, Florida. 
Soil Requirement:- PH Between 5.5 to 7.5, well-drained soil is required. 
Humidity:-  70 to 80% humidity is required. 
Light Requirement:-  Indirect sunlight for proper growth and development.
Temperature:- 65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. 
Water Requirement:- At the interval of 6 to 10 days after checking the moisture in the soil.
Fertilizer:- Use organic fertilizers, fym, and slow-release fertilizers.
Propagation:- mainly done by roots separation, seed propagation is not common.
Repotting:- After roots fill in the pot. 
Disease:-  Bacterial blight & Root rot are Common.

Anthurium Splendidum Care In Details

Anthurium requires bright indirect light for proper growth and development. It loves to grow in well-drained soil. Growers can use bark, pit moss, or perlite for good drainage in the soil.

The humidity requirement of Anthurium is also very high; it needs 60 to 70% humidity in the environment for good vegetative growth in the plant.

It requires proper moisture for the proper growth of leaves and plants. Anthurium needs to be watered once a week. Before watering, we will suggest checking the moisture content in the soil. If the upper layer is dried up to 30 to 40%, then only irrigate.

The fertilizer requirement of the plant is also very less. It only requires fertilizer in the growing season, mainly in summer, and giving fertilizer once a month is enough for the growth and development of plants.

Temperatures over 30 degrees Celsius (86 Fahrenheit) are dangerous for the Anthurium Splendidum. We will suggest maintaining the temperature between 18 to 25 degrees Celsius (64-77° Fahrenheit). This temperature is favorable for the growth of the plant.

It requires proper air circulation for good vegetative growth, as we have observed, if air circulation around the plant will be good, then it will grow properly and the growth speed of the plant will also increase.

Soil Requirement Of Anthurium Splendidum

Before selecting soil for Anthurium, we should keep three important things in mind.

  • We should use soil with less water holding capacity.
  • Organic content in the soil should be higher.
  • We should use a balanced soil mixture

We will always suggest using soil with less water holding capacity. The drainage facility in the soil should be good. For increased drainage, growers can use the bark of the plant, pit moss, and perlite. It will increase the drainage of the soil and also increase aeration in the root zone of the soil. With this growth speed of the plant will increase.

We will suggest to the growers of Anthurium Splendidum to use the soil, which contains a good amount of organic components. It will fulfill the plant nutrient requirements when required.

Growers should make their own soil mixture. With this, they can be able to understand the requirements of a plant more perfectly, for a soil mixture of Anthurium Splendidum. We should mix the bark of the tree that you will get from any old tree in your surrounding, get some garden soil, and buy some pit moss and perlite from the near gardening shop. Mix all these in a very balanced manner, use two portions of gardening soil, and in the remaining two portions add all things like the bark of a tree, perlite, and moss.

One thing that we all need to understand for Anthurium Splendidum care soil, which holds the water like clay soil, is dangerous to this plant. Stagnant water will damage the roots of the plant.

Before filling the soil in the pot, check the hole below the pot. This small hole plays a big role in keeping the plant healthy.

Light Requirement Of Anthurium Splendidum

For taking the proper care of Anthurium Splendidum it is very important to know the light requirement of the anthurium.

The light requirement of Anthurium Splendidum is very similar to other indoor plants, like Anthurium Clarinervium, Philodendron Xanadu, Monstera Deliciosa, etc.

It loves to grow in indirect sunlight. We will suggest growers provide proper indirect light to the plant. It will help plants for their proper growth and development.

If the proper amount of light will not be provided to the plant, the growth of the plant will get stunted, photosynthesis process by which the plant used to make food for development will get affected.

As we have previously said, it needs indirect light so it can easily survive in less light; we will not suggest that you keep plants in the darkroom. Light is required.

We suggest you keep the plant beside the window and use a thin curtain between the plant and direct sunlight will protect the plant from burning.

Suggestions for the people who leave in USDA Zone 11 they can grow their Anthurium Splendidum plant outside lawn, but in winters we will suggest bringing it into an indoor environment.

When you are keeping your plant in the low light and observe discoloring in the leaves of the plant, that means the plant is not getting proper light, in this situation, we will suggest keeping the plant in bright indirect light, this will improve the plant health.

Temperature Requirement

For, proper Anthurium Splendidum Care temperature is a very important factor. We cannot ignore this because, at a favorable temperature, the growth and development of the plant is good.

The best and most favorable temperature at which the plant shows good vegetative growth and development is 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit; in degrees Celsius it is 18 to 26 degrees.

Note Point:- two to three Fahrenheit temperatures up or down is not a matter of worry; the plant will adjust according to that.

It loves to grow in the warm temperature, but when the temperature is over 80 degrees Fahrenheit, we will suggest using an air conditioner to maintain the proper temperature.

When the temperature is less than 60 Fahrenheit, it mostly occurs in the winter. During that time period, we will suggest keeping your plant in an indoor environment, because this plant cannot tolerate lower temperatures.

As we have observed during growing Anthurium Splendidum, it needs a favorable temperature for vegetative growth and development. If the temperature is over 85 degrees Fahrenheit or less than 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the vegetative growth of the plant will get affected.

One more suggestion to all those who love their plants more try to give all a comfortable environment for growth and development. Never keep your plant in front of a cooler, air conditioner, or heater. This will affect your plant, and in a long time a plant will die.

After learning all this about temperature, the most common thing that comes to mind is how I will manage all this temperature up and down, but believe me it is not tough just you need to make minor efforts.

Water Requirement For Anthurium Splendidum Care

We all know water is very important for the vegetative growth and development of plants.

It is also the most challenging thing for the growers when to water, how to water, what amount of water we should give to the plant for proper growth, because we all know more water can damage the plant, so today’s skill garden team will solve your all queries about watering.

In this plant, the water requirement is very moderate, and it is not required to irrigate daily. I want to clarify that the water requirement of the plant can vary from place to place according to the environmental condition of the surrounding.

Humidity available in the surrounding area also affects the water requirement of the plant. If humidity is more, then the plant will require a less amount of water, and if humidity is less, then the plant will require more amount of water.

The most common question that we hear from our readers is how to understand that now plants need to be watered. For this, we suggest you keep your eyes on the soil of the root zone. If it is dried, then it is time to irrigate. We can also check by doing a finger test by dipping our finger 5 to 6 cm deep in the soil and if you find it dry, then you need to irrigate, we know it as a finger test.

It requires more irrigation in the growing season during the summer period, in winter growth of the plant is very slow, so in that condition, it doesn’t require to be irrigated.

Access watering to the plant can damage the roots of the plant and many times we have observed it also causes root rot in the plant, it will directly affect the vegetative growth of the plant, sometimes it causes the yellowing of leaves, and in rare condition when proper drainage facility is not given plant can also die.

Less watering during the growing season is also very dangerous for the growth of the plant, in this condition the plant will start wilting. You can easily observe the discoloring of the leaves.

So we will suggest protecting your plant from more watering and less watering. Both will damage the plant. Every time before watering, make a habit of doing a finger test. You can also use a small spoon to check the moisture content in the soil.

Growers can also use the drip irrigation method for irrigation during the growing season. You can also put ice cubes in the root zone of the plant. It will release slow water.

Humidity Specification For Anthurium Splendidum Care

As we all know, Anthurium Splendidum is a plant in the tropical region. It requires an abundant amount of humidity in its environment, with proper humidity, vegetative growth of the plant will be good and in a less humid environment growth of the plant will be affected.

For the proper growth and development of the plant, it requires it requires 70% to 80% of the humidity in the environment. In this proper favorable condition, we can observe good vegetative growth in the plant.

If growers are not living in the tropical region, they need to maintain the humidity in the environment around the plant.

Today, after reading a blog about Anthurium Splendidum care, you are going to become an expert in Anthurium Splendidum growing. We will share our own experience of growing add-ons with all collected information from different research papers and magazines. Anthurium SplendidumWe are going to suggest to you three straightforward ways that we have applied to maintain the humidity of our plants.

  1. The first method is to keep the water tray below the pot; this will increase the humidity in the environment. 
  2. Growers can also use a small handy bottle of mist sprayer on summer days around the plant twice a day. It will also increase the humidity in the environment.
  3. Keep all those plants together, which requires more humidity. It will also help plants to increase the humidity in the environment.

If any grower has over 20 indoor plants and all need more humidity for proper growth and development, we will suggest using an electric humidifier it will help them save time. 

We will suggest decreasing the humidity in the winter period because in this condition more humidity will invite insects and pests near the plant.

In the growing season, when the humidity percentage is 70% to 80% we will suggest growers do regular inspections because in this condition insects and pests can increase.

In the last note point, I will suggest growers maintain the humidity at at least 50% for the proper growth and development of the plant, if the humidity is less than 40% then as soon as possible use anyway to increase the humidity in the environment.

Fertilizer Requirement for Anthurium Splendidum Caring 

For keeping our plants healthy, it is very much important to provide proper nutrients for their growth and development because plants don’t get all the nutrients from the soil and sunlight, so it is important to provide nutrients.

Indoor plants like Anthurium Splendidum, don’t get direct sunlight and it is not possible to change the soil of the pot every month, so fertilizer is required to maintain the vegetative growth of the plant.

The growth of the Anthurium plant is slow, so the fertilizer requirement of the plant is also very less. For this variety of Anthurium, we will suggest applying slow-releasing fertilizer.

During preparing the soil mixture for filling in the pot, we will suggest adding organic fertilizer at the base of the pot. It will release the nutrient slowly when the plant will require it.

We will suggest providing liquid fertilizer because the action of liquid fertilizer is fast, and it reaches the plant through the root zone easily. You can observe an improvement quickly.

Well, diluted fertilizer is best for the vegetative growth of the plant. We will suggest using a fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus content because these are the main nutrients that plants require in more amounts for their growth.

Growers can also find an alternative to chemical fertilizer to fulfill the requirements of nitrogen and phosphorus of the plant. For example, many vegetable peels have many phosphorus growers that can use them instead of chemical fertilizer.

 The most common question that we get from our readers is how many times we should apply fertilizer for our plant, dear it totally depends on the age of your plant and environmental condition also for commonly we can suggest 2 to 3 times of fertilizer application in the growing season is enough for the Anthurium Splendidum plant.

Repotting Of Anthurium Splendidum

One of the most important processes that every grower has to go through is five important points I will describe why repotting is important in anthurium plants.

  1. Repotting will increase the growing space of roots.
  2. Anthurium plants will get new soil to grow; it can uptake more nutrients from the soil.
  3. Protect plants from unknown insects hiding in the pot, like ants and termites.
  4. Growers can divide the mother plant and baby plant during repotting.
  5. Growers can change the pot and provide an enormous size pot according to the size of the plant to grow.

A common question that we get from our users: what is the actual time to Repotting? For this, we will say you need to observe the growth of the plant. When you observe that your plant wilts or the root hairs of the plant come out from the pothole, then it is time for repotting.

How to do repotting off Anthurium Splendidum

  1. The first step is to find a big pot for your Anthurium plant. Keep in mind pot should be larger than the present one.
  2. The next important step is to dig a hole in the pot’s base, and we suggest keeping a small stone in the hole so it should not block with soil because it is very important for maintaining a proper drainage facility in the pot.
  3.  Arrange the soil in the new pot of Anthurium, layer, the soil, and in the base add fym (farmyard manure). It will release slow nutrients good for plant growth and development.
  4. Remove the plant, slowly and gently, keeping in mind major roots of the plant should not be damaged.
  5.  Remove all extra root hairs after that Gently, don’t damage the major roots of the plant. Remove all the extra soil from the roots of the plant.
  6. Plant It in a new pot; don’t keep the plant in direct sunlight.
  7. After repotting, the plant will be under a shock period for some time. It takes time to adjust to a new environment, a new type of soil, keep your Anthurium plant in shade for some time till it recovers from the shock period.
Propagation Of Anthurium Splendidum’s 

For the propagation of Anthurium Splendidum, there are three most common ways we will discuss all one by one, but before that, it is very important to check that plants should be healthy before propagation. It should be free from all types of diseases and insects; we will suggest all growers check this before propagation.

Two-Way to propagate Anthurium Splendidum

  • Propagation by seeds
  • Propagation By Root Division

Propagation by seeds

Propagation of the plant from the seed is a very slow method, those people who love to see their plant growing from the very initial phase, this is not common practice for the people who grow the plant in their home this is for those who grow Anthurium Splendidum in the commercial level for their nursery or yards.

Propagation By Root Division

Propagation by root division is a little complex process grower has to do it carefully because if the major root of the plant will be damaged, then it will be tough for the grower to propagate the plant. But it is the most common method to propagate the plant, and if we will do it carefully, it is a very easy method to propagate.

We will suggest growers of Anthurium try to do the propagation process and repotting at the same time. It will save your time and also the propagation will be easy for you.

Follow three easy steps for Anthurium Splendidum propagation.

  1. Prepare propagation tools
  2. Separation Of Roots
  3.  Caring for the new plant.

Prepare propagation tools

Propagation knife, gloves, plastic sheet, new pot, watering can. These five things are very important for the propagation of the plant.

we will suggest sensitizing your cutting tool propagation knife properly; it will protect the mother plant and baby both from any type of infection that can spread and damage the plant.

Do the whole process of propagation on the plastic sheet. It will protect your house from getting dirty, and keep children and pets away during the process of propagation.

Separation Of Roots

 

Anthurium-Splendidum-1st (1)

After taking out a plant from the pot, wash the roots of the plant properly with clean tap water. We have added a photo below of how we used to wash our plant roots after taking them out of the pot.

This is very important to identify the major mother plant root and separate it from the baby plant root. We will suggest growers do it carefully because if the roots will be damaged, then it will be tough for the plant to survive. 

We do this process of separation with our soft hand and we also suggest growers do the same if at any point you feel to use a knife, do it carefully, and don’t harm the major root of the plant.

Wear gloves, because during cutting the root with a knife you can get injured, and secondly, we are saying the roots of Anthurium Splendidum are a little poisonous, so be careful.

Anthurium-Splendidum-root (2)

After separating the baby plant from the mother plant, keep it in the shade, and make a new pot ready you can choose any small or medium-sized pot.

Caring for the new plant.

We will suggest grower mix the proper amount of cocopeat, gardening, soil vermi compost ,,compost we have given the percentage in the pic below; we will also say it depends on the matter of availability in the local market, you can increase or decrease according to your environmental condition and plants age.

 

Anthurium-Splendidum-root (2)

Important things you should focus on after propagation

  • Keep your plant in the shade after propagation
  • don’t over-water the plant,
  • give indirect sunlight,
  • Check moisture before irrigating
  • hold the pot carefully, don’t. shake the plant roots can damage.
Disease & Disorder In Anthurium Splendidum

When we grow Anthurium Splendidum we have to deal with many types of diseases and disorders in our lovely plant, in this, case growers get tens of what to do now so it is good to know about all different diseases and disorders.

We all have heard this line prevention is better than cure with plants, also if we know the reason behind the disease, we can protect our plants from these things.

There are 3 most common diseases of Anthurium Splendidum

Diseases:- Caused By:-
Bacterial blight is one of the most dangerous diseases caused by:- Xanthomonas. 
Root rot most common problem faced by Anthurium Splendidum growers:- Rhizoctonia. 
Phytophthora Very rare disease caused by:- Phytophthora sojae.

Now, One By One we will tell details about this disease and how to protect your Anthurium Splendidum from it.

Bacterial blight disease of Anthurium Splendidum

You can identify bacterial blight with two very common symptoms. 

  • The first type of symptom is leaves symptom 
  • The second type of symptom is vascular symptoms

How to identify leaves symptom 

By the name, it is very clear that in this case infection will start from the leaves of the plant, but we need to understand this that bacteria will not attack directly on the complete leaves, it will start with the edge of the leaves below we have added one photo to understand this.

Bacterial-blight-Early-Phase-in-Anthurium-Splendidum-300x300 (1)

If we don’t remove the leaves which have early phase symptoms, it will spread and cause the advanced bacterial blight below. I will add one pic to make you understand about this.

Bacterial-blight-Advance-Phase-in-Anthurium-Splendidum-300x300 (1)

How to identify vascular symptoms 

Sometimes it directly starts from the veins of the plant and sometimes when we don’t control leaves symptoms it spreads to the veins and infects the whole plant, below I am adding one pic to make you understand.

Bacterial-blight-Advance-Phase-in-Anthurium-Splendidum-300x300 (1)

If we don’t remove the infected leaves on time, it can also damage the main stem of the plant and that is a very dangerous situation.

Bacterial-blight-Advance-Phase-in-Anthurium-Splendidum-300x300 (1)

If this infection continues, then in that case, the plant can die.

How to control bacterial blight

  • We should do very proper sanitation of all the equipment.
  • remove all the infected leaves of the plant.
  • We will not suggest using copper and fungicides/ bactericides
  • Low down the temperature 
  • Low down the humidity of the environment.
  • Increase air circulation in the environment. 

Root rot in Anthurium Splendidum

Root rot is very common, it anthurium, in this disease mainly the root of the plant gets rotten, we also know it as dumping off disease, a major symptom of this disease leaves of the plant get yellow, after sometimes leaves will fall down.

How to identify Root rot symptom 

  • Leaves will start getting yellow
  • Growth and development of the will stop
  • You can observe wilting situation in plant 
  • After taking out the plant from the pot you will get roots of the plant, which will get brown.

How to control root rot

  • Increase airflow in the environment 
  • Stop irrigating the plant
  • Check the drainage of the pot
  • Remove rotten parts of the roots and replant them in a new pot with dry soil.
  • use well-drained fertilizer don’t use the fertilizer which holds water

Phytophthora in Anthurium Splendidum

It is a fungal infection, mainly attacking the roots of the plant, plant will start wilting, and the growth and development of the plant will stop. It is a very rare disease.

How to control Phytophthora

  • check drainage facility 
  • Use loose soil
  • The water holding capacity of the soil should be very less.
  • use disease-free stock plants
  • Use fungicides when it seems out of control

Conclusion

Growing Anthurium Splendidum is not tough just you need to take care of the plant during the growing time period, just care about the watering of the plant, keep your eyes open and see the changes in the plant, and remove all dried leaves from the plant regularly.

Common Question Related To Anthurium Splendidum

1st:- Doing Regular Pruning Important?

Ans:- No, this variety of Anthurium doesn’t require regular pruning. We will suggest removing dried leaves, and infected leaves, and don’t do regular pruning. Before pruning, observe the plant.

2nd:- How often do you water anthurium?

Ans:- Before irrigating I have the habit of checking the moisture content in the soil, after checking when I feel that the soil is dried 70% then I used to irrigate the plant, after an interval of 6 to 10 days you can irrigate it also depends on the environmental and climatic condition of the area you are living.

3rd:- What type of fertilizer do you use in your plant?

Ans:- I mainly use a slow nutrient-releasing organic fertilizer that is best for the Anthurium Splendidum plant. It provides nutrients overall the year, we will suggest growers use green manure like peals of vegetables, organic manure or fym (farm yard manure) for fertilizer. 

4th:- What are the insects pest that can damage Anthurium Splendidum?

Ans:- When we are growing anthurium in our indoor environment, then there is very less chance of insect and pest attack, some insects like termites or spiders can damage the plant in this condition, you can use any low-intensity insecticides, we will suggest keeping your eyes on the plant leaves and root zone.

Reference 

special thanks to all the different research papers, and websites like ariod, uk website, that help me in gathering additional knowledge from my growing experience. 

Suraj Singh