Welcome to the new blog gardening Today we are going to give you all the details of the plant Anthurium Bullatus, the beautiful plant with deep green leaves that is going to give a new touch of nature to your home.
Before going deep into the caring guide for Anthurium Bullatus, we will give you some basic information about this plant. The first thing that we all should know is that Bullatus is an evergreen herbaceous plant. The whole year, it will spread greenery in your home. It comes under the chamaephytes type of the plant, meaning it is the type of plant in which perennating buds will grow just above the surface of the soil.
It belongs to the family Araceae, the origin place of Anthurium Bullatus is Ecuador (Esmeraldas), as we must know the origin place of any plant by this caring of the plant become easy for us, we just need to provide a particular environment as similar to the original place of the plant and almost work is done.
The grower of Anthurium Bullatus should take a breath of relaxation because it doesn’t need care and attention like other varieties of Anthurium like Anthurium Splendidum or Anthurium luxurians You just need to monitor your Bullatus plant. Further, we will give details about how to care.
Contents In Blog
Morphology Of Anthurium Bullatus
Today we are talking about the plant with a horse grass shape, long leaves with a bright blue-green attractive look that makes it a perfect ornamental plant.
When I was growing this plant, I used to get a frequent question from plant lovers, if we provide proper nutrient and environmental condition how much will the size of leaves, my answer for this is the size of leaves depend on the favorable environmental condition, availability of proper nutrient in the soil, proper moisture, and humidity availability if we provide all this in the proper amount as required leaves of the Anthurium Bullatus reach up to 1.5 feet to 2 feet.
One more important thing about this beautiful plant is every plant grower should know this plant is not only going to add an extraordinary look to your home but also going to purify the air of your home and help you spend happy life, we can say care your Bullatus plant and in return, the plant will care for your fresh purified air.
Anthurium Pandurilaminum is the old name of Anthurium Bullatus growers get confused by these two names. Most people think of the names of two different plants, but in reality, it is the same plants with two different names.
Anthurium Bullatus Care Guide
As we know the origin place of bullatus Ecuadorian tropical forests, so we need to provide a little resemble environment for proper growth and environment.
All the growers should know this plant doesn’t need too much care and attention from the grower. We know it for its low -maintaining ability. It also does not require regular pruning. In this article, we will know all the details.
It loves to grow in indirect light. We should maintain proper moisture for the growth and development of the plant; the soil should be aerated and well-drained. It is very important.
We will recommend growers to use slow-release fertilizer and maintain the humidity of the environment over 60% where we are growing the plant.
Now let’s know all the details of Anthurium Bullatus, like water requirement, fertilizer, light requirement, temperature, how to do reporting, and other things.
Light Requirement Of Anthurium Bullatus
Same as other varieties of Anthurium, this variety also needs indirect light for proper growth and development. Growers growing Anthurium Splendidum or Anthurium luxurians along with this beautiful, plant Anthurium Bullatus can follow the same pattern of growing and sunlight requirements.
For the growers who are individually growing this plant they should know that light is a very important factor in the growth and development of the plant, it is very important to understand that this plant requires indirect light for vegetative growth, so we will suggest growers keep this in the mind while placing your pot.
Always place your pot in front of a window or place where it easily gets bright indirect light, as we have grown Anthurium Bullatus and we experienced if the plant gets proper lighting, the height of the plant will skyrocket.
As we have checked many blogs and videos, they are suggesting growers keep their plants in front of the bathroom to properly fulfilling the humidity requirement but we will not suggest you to doing this because if the plant will not get proper bright indirect light, the vegetative growth of the plant will slow down. Sometimes we have to observe the curling of leaves, yellowing of leaves, and irregular growth of the plant.
Many plant growers ask us if we are giving direct sunlight, then how much time is sufficient we will suggest direct sunlight only for one to two hours is sufficient for the vegetative growth of the plant. Over two hours of direct sunlight will damage the leaves of the plant and it will also compromise the beauty of the plant.
Soil Requirement For Anthurium Bullatus
For the Anthurium Bullatus, we will suggest growers use well-drained soil. The type of soil we are using for growing this plant shouldn’t hold the water and form clay. We should use sandy soil which has less water holding capacity.
While making the soil mixture for Anthurium Bullatus, we used to mix perlite and peat moss to decrease the water holding capacity of the soil, and increase air circulation, with this also helps in increasing the nutrient holding capacity of the soil.
As many growers have asked us, can they add coco coir and orchid bark to their pot mixture? Yes, you can mix coco coir and orchid bark for the soil mixture of Anthurium Bullatus. You can use all different ingredients of soil like perlite, peat moss, mix coco coir, orchid bark, and soil.
Perfect Soil mixture for proper vegetative growth and development
As we have made the soil mixture for growing Anthurium Bullatus, we got very awesome results for that growth and development of the plant is very impressive. We mention only that growers can add-on or remove according to the availability of material.
- We used perlite 20%
- Peat Moss 10%
- mix cocoa coir 10%
- orchid bark 30%
- Soil 30%
Now we will say, growers, not to make this milestone, that you have to use these things in the same quantity, it can be increased or decreased according to availability, and other than soil anything can be removed also if it is not available.
Many growers have mailed us asking about the query. Can they use commercial soil for growing Anthurium Bullatus? For this, we will say it totally depends on the availability of garden soil in your surroundings. If it is available, just mix organic fertilizer in it and use it instead of buying soil. If it is not available, then they can buy it.
Repotting of Anthurium Bullatus
Repotting is a very important process for the potted plants that we have to do every two to three years. For the potted plant, changing soil is very important because nutrients are very important for the growth, and after 2 to 3 years nutrients from the soil are uptake by the roots.
The common question is how to understand it’s time to change the pot. It is very simple to understand. You will observe these changes as mentioned below. After seeing these changes, we have to change the pot.
- Roots will start coming out of the pot. You can see roots coming out from drainage holes below the pot, above the surface of the soil.
- The growth and development of the plant will completely stop, or it will slow down.
- The soil in the root zone of the plant will start getting dry so fast.
How to do repotting of Anthurium Bullatus:-
First, take out the plant from the pot, do it genteelly, keep the soil dry, and don’t water it. Bend down and roll it slowly and then pull the plant gently out of the pot. Check if roots are stuck in the drainage hole. Put it out of the pot. During this entire process, make sure you are not damaging the major roots of the plant.
The second process is to remove the old potting mixture from the root zone of the soil. We can take help with some tools like forks or rakes. We will remove soil from the pot easily. Keep in mind that doesn’t cut or remove the major roots and thick roots. It will harm the plant, and by doing these minor mistakes we will lose the plant. Always keep one size bigger pot than you are using currently.
The third process is to fill the fresh pot mixture in the pot. Don’t forget to keep some stones over the drainage hole. It will protect the hole from getting blocked with the potting mixture. After filling one-third of the pot, keep your plant in the middle of the pot and fill the pot completely.
The end process of repotting is to keep your Anthurium Bullatus plant pot in the shade for some days, but the lighting should be proper, and keep watering it regularly.
Water Requirement For Anthurium Bullatus
Every grower should understand this plant only needs a limited quantity of water for vegetative growth and development. We are saying this because many growers are very much obsessed with water. They used to think that daily irrigation would help the plant in vegetative growth and development.
Anthurium Bullatus loves to grow in moist conditions, so we will suggest growers water the plant for a gap of 3 to 4 days. But before irrigating the plant, you must check the pot’s soil. If it is moist, then no need to irrigate.
As we have said during making the soil mixture, we should use well-drained soil. It shouldn’t hold water after irrigation. It will invite new diseases into the plant.
Always check the drainage holes below the pot. It should be very clear because a blocked drainage hole in the pot can cause the water to stagnate like conditions that can cause root rot.
We will suggest growers maintain the irrigation schedule of the plant according to the environmental condition, and always need to water the plant according to their requirements because less watering and over-watering both conditions are dangerous for the vegetative growth and development of the plant.
Over-watering will cause the yellowing of leaves, the lower roots of the plant will start decaying, it will slow down plant growth, and if water will be stagnant for an extended period, it can cause root rot.
Less watering conditions can also affect the growth of the plant. Leaves will start curling. The edges of the leaves will start getting brown.
Temperature Requirement For Anthurium Bullatus Care
To know the accurate temperature requirement of the plant, it is very important to understand the origin place of the Anthurium Bullatus plant, because that is the exact environmental condition it requires for vegetative growth and development.
We all know the origin place of this plant is Ecuador, and it loves to grow in temperate environmental conditions. We will suggest growers maintain temperatures between 24 degrees Celsius to 28 degrees Celsius (75.2 Fahrenheit to 82.4 Fahrenheit).
As we have observed during growing, this plant, can’t tolerate the cold environmental conditions, so those growers who are growing their plant outside of their house should take it inside because less temperature can damage the plant.
If any grower has a greenhouse, then in the cold season they can keep their plant in that during winter, it will get a warm temperature that is very favorable for the vegetative growth of the plant.
If in your area the temperature goes over 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) in this condition, we suggest you keep your plant in a chilly place where the temperature is less than 28 degrees Celsius (82.4 Fahrenheit).
As we have observed, the best-growing environment for this plant is when it gets 60% to 70% shade conditions, so we will suggest growers maintain shade conditions for the best vegetative growth of the plant.
Humidity Requirement For Growing Anthurium Bullatus
As with other varieties of Anthurium, this plant also loves to grow in high humid conditions. We always suggest growers maintain the high humidity around your plant. You will see the change in the growth of your plant skyrocket.
Why high humidity is required for the proper vegetative growth of the plant? Because these plants come in the category which can’t do the process of photosynthesis if humidity is less in the surrounding.
We will suggest growers maintain a humidity of 60% to 70% around the plant. It is very much important for the vegetative growth of the plant.
Many growers have queried what will happen if we cannot maintain moisture above 40%. In this condition, you will see the discoloring leaves as the first symptom of less moisture. In some critical conditions, the edges of the leaves will start drying so, with these symptoms, growers need to understand that plants need more humidity.
To maintain the humidity level in the surroundings of the plant, growers can use these three different methods:-
- Using Electric Humidifier
- Keeping Plants Together
- Using a water tray and hand sprayer
When you have many indoor plants like Anthurium Clarinervium, Monstera Deliciosa, Anthurium luxurians, those all have high humidity requirements, you can use an electric humidifier to increase the humidity.
When we keep planting together and place the Electric Humidifier in the plants surrounding, then one electric humidifier is more than enough for all indoor plants which require a more humid environment.
We will suggest growers maintain some distance between the electric humidifier and the plant. It will give proper space for the plant to observe moisture from the environment at a distance of 4 to 6 feet between the plant and the Electric humidifier recommended for the plant Anthurium Bullatus.
Keeping Plants Together
This is an ancient method trialed and tested by many gardeners. What we have to do in this method is just keep the plants together, which requires more humidity for the proper growth and development. Growers can keep plants together, which requires more humidity for plants like Philodendron Xanadu, Anthurium luxurians, etc.
The phenomenon behind it is a plant releasing water through the stomata. This process is called transpiration. Keeping the plants together will increase the humidity in the environment, which will help the Anthurium Bullatus plant the proper growth and development.
There is one small drawback to this method when you keep many plants together. The insects, pests, and diseases, mostly viral and fungal diseases, spread quickly between the plant, so in the rainy season when diseases spread, separate the plant from each other, if you observe any plant carrying any viral and fungal diseases just you need to isolate that plant as soon as possible.
Using a Water Tray and Hand sprayer
This is a very common method used by gardeners and plant lovers, in this method we can use a water tray below the pot to increase the humidity in the environment or we can also use a hand water sprayer to increase the humidity around the surrounding plant, growers can use both methods in the summer seasons or in dry days when they feel the humidity is important.
Water tray:- in this method, we used to keep one small tray below the pot. The tray shouldn’t be deep.
A small quantity of water is enough to maintain the moisture, as we have done, and we get excellent results.
If you have a big tray, you can keep stones in that so that less water occupies the space and it will be enough to provide humidity in the surrounding, keep changing the water regularly, and don’t let insects and mosquitoes propagate in that water tray.
Hand sprayer:- Many people use the hand sprayer for maintaining the humidity around the plant. With this method, growers need to make some effort.
They have to spray water two to three times on hot summer days. We will not recommend growers continue the water sprinkles on rainy days or in wintertime.
Growers can use both a water tray and a hand sprinkler on hot summer days. It will provide enough humidity around the plant. Keep observing the plant.
If you see any insects or pests, just remove them and if it is plant-specific, then separate that plant.
Fertilizer Requirement For Caring Anthurium Bullatus
Many growers used to think of more fertilizer for more growth. If you are also thinking this, believe me, you are wrong here. More fertilizer is dangerous for the plant, and we should think about the accurate amount of fertilizer for more growth.
I am also a grower of indoor plants, so I know these plants are very close to our hearts. If anything happens to them, then the whole day I spend thinking about how to tackle this problem. So keeping your lovely plant happy and growing, we will suggest growers not use in-organic fertilizer.
With Inorganic fertilizer (chemical fertilizer). for some time you can feel that plant is growing fast, but if any, mistakes in quantity during giving fertilizer plant will suffer and in the end, it will dry. Not only in giving fertilizer, but sometimes concentration of any chemical in fertilizer will also damage the plant.
If any grower is using the chemical fertilizer, we will suggest they need to be very careful in the quantity of fertilizer; the quality of the fertilizer also matters don’t buy local un-branded fertilizers.
While using chemical fertilizer we will suggest growers mix it with water and make a dilute solution of fertilizer, and provide that solution to the plants at regular time intervals, don’t store that fertilizer solution just make it when it is required, liquid fertilizer will easily reach to the root zone of the plant and action of fertilizer will be also fast.
We will suggest growers use organic fertilizer. Indoor plants like Anthurium Bullatus love to grow with slow-releasing fertilizer.
So for better growth and development of plants, always use organic fertilizer. Growing plants takes time, and growers need to be very patient.
Growers can buy organic fertilizer or they can also make it with their kitchen waste. They can use vegetable peels, chicken egg cells, fruit peels, coffee, or tea powder.
Keep all these things in the container, and after seven to eight days they will decompose, then growers can use them as organic fertilizer.
Vegetable peels will work as green manure for the plants, you can check the advantages of green manure.
The common mistake that growers make is the overfertilization of their plants. If growers are using organic fertilizer, then it is very little chance that it is going to harm the plant, but with a chemical fertilizer overdose you can see these effects:-
- yellowing of the leaves
- drying and dropping off leaves.
- The colour of the soil will change.
- The soil will get compacted.
- The growth and development of the plant will stop.
If you are getting any of these symptoms and your plant, then growers need to be very careful and stop providing any chemical fertilizer until the plant comes to a normal stage.
Pruning Of Anthurium Bullatus
As we know, many growers have a habit of doing continuous pruning of plants, so we will suggest to growers that Anthurium Bullatus doesn’t need regular pruning, just need to do pruning when it is required.
Growers need to do the pruning when they say any dried or infected leaves, don’t do the pruning of healthy leaves. It will damage the plant. Always do the pruning in spring.
Growers can the pruning of dried and infected leaves in any season, before pruning always disinfect the tools like scissors, and other tools that will protect the plant from viral and fungal infections.
Propagation Method for Anthurium Bullatus
The first question that comes to our mind is why propagate? and the simple answer is why miss the golden opportunity to have two beautiful Anthurium Bullatus plants, and you can also share these baby plants with your family members and friends. We all know plants are the best gifts.
We can easily propagate this plant, but before starting, check whether the plant is well matured for propagation or not. The plant should be healthy and free from all different infections viral or fungal. The mother plant should not carry any disease or infection because it can pass to the baby plant as well.
We can do propagation of Anthurium Bullatus by two different methods.
- By stem cutting
- Root division method
In these two methods of propagation, stem cutting is a very easy and common method for propagation. But in the root division propagation method, there is very less chance of survival of the baby plants. So we are going to discuss the stem cutting method of propagation, which has a very high success rate.
Before starting the process of propagation, we will suggest growers disinfect As a disinfectant solution, growers can use any alcohol mixed solution in which the alcohol percentage should be over 50%. all the equipment we are going to use in the process of propagation like a knife and scissors will protect your plant from viral and fungal infection spreading.
Select a good stem for cutting. It should be healthy and disease-free.
Growers should take at least two to three pieces of cuttings. It will be good to propagate.
While taking the cuttings off the plant, it should carry two to three leaves. This will increase the chance of survival.
Cut the stem near the node, and remove all the extra leaves from the branches. Just two to three leaves are good for propagation.
As we have used root growing hormone Auxins for a better result, growers can also use this, just dip the root side in the hormone for a while and then plant it into different pots.
Soil Mixture For Growing Baby Plants:-
We will suggest growers make different pot mixtures for baby plants and for normal planting because the requirements of both small and big plants are totally different. Small plants need the best soil for root growth and plant development, but in large and medium plants they only need nutrients in the soil root is completely developed.
For the baby plant, we use loam soil, or you can also use garden soil, or you can also combine both of them, mix some quantity of garden compost and add slow-releasing organic manure in the soil.
After making a proper pot mixture, fill them in different small pots. Growers can use small-size nursery bags, plastic cups, mud cups, or nursery trays. fill all the plots with soil mixture one-third portion.
After filling the pot with soil mixture, dip your, cutting off the stems from one side in root growth hormones and fungicides, then inserting them into the soil mixture. Keep in mind to insert the cuttings in the middle of the pot.
Keep checking the moisture content in the soil for proper growth of the roots of Anthurium Bullatus, proper moisture is very important, don’t do access watering, it can cause fungal infection in the roots so just keep checking the soil should not be dry, proper moisture amount should be maintained.
After some time, you will observe a new leaf growing from the cutting. Let it grow over 5 leaves, then the plant is ready for transplantation in a medium-size pot.
Diseases in Anthurium Bullatus plant:-
Bacterial and fungal diseases are very common diseases of Anthurium Bullatus. These diseases include bacterial blight, bacterial wilt, and root rot.
Bacterial blight:- Leaves will start becoming yellow. The tissue of the leaves will get damaged. After some time, insects will start attacking the plant.
Bacterial wilt:- This disease spreads quickly, starts in the veins, then spreads to the leaves of the plant. The color of the leaves will become brown, a bronze color.
Root rot:- In this disease, the roots of the plant will start rotting. The growth and development of the plant will stop. Leaves will start getting yellow.
To control this bacterial and fungal disease, we have to follow these methods.
- Increase air circulation in the plant surrounding.
- Controlled watering, and over watering, increase the chance of bacterial and fungal disease.
- Decrease humidity around the plant.
If these methods can’t control bacterial and fungal diseases, we will suggest growers use fungicides.
Common things that we should do after seeing a plant suffering from the disease:-
- Quarantine the plant for two to three weeks.
- Control the watering.
- Increase water circulation.
- Keep the plant in bright light.
Common Pests In Anthurium Bullatus:-
Common pests that can damage the Anthurium Bullatus are Thrips, spider mites, and Aphids. As we have observed, there is very little chance of pest infestation in the Anthurium plants, but because of the un-environmental conditions, it can grow.
The common control methods for these insects are to remove them manually. If it does not control, growers can use neem oil to control this.
We will suggest growers quarantine the infected plants as soon as possible. Keep the plants in bright indirect sunlight, increase the airflow around the plant, and if it does not control, growers can use insecticides or neem oil.
Questions Related To Anthurium Bullatus
Is anthurium a fast-growing plant?
We have personal experience of growing Anthurium Bullatus and we find that the growth speed of the Anthurium is slow to medium. It totally depends on the environmental conditions, nutrients available in the soil, and sunlight provided to the plant. As we observed in bright indirect sunlight, growth speeds increased.
Where do you place anthurium?
We will suggest growers keep your beautiful Anthurium Bullatus plant in front of your window or any light spot, but keep one thin curtain between the plant and direct sunlight. Because direct, sunlight will damage the leaves of the plant.
On the different parameters, the toxicity in Anthurium Bullatus is very less. It is non-effective in adults, but sometimes it can affect the health of children and animals.
The main chemical that is found in the plant is calcium oxalate crystals. It will only harm when it is swallowed or the fluid of broken leaves touches the bare hand.
In rare cases, when too much quantity is swallowed by an individual, it can cause Oral discomfort, appetite decreases, and vomiting.
It is one of the best plants to grow. It does not require too much care and protection, just needs to monitor the plant. This plant will surely increase the beauty of the house. We will suggest keeping this plant near the entrance of the house. It will look more attractive.
Provide less watering and keep it in indirect bright sunlight. Monitor the humidity on warm days, and keep reading the plant care guide on the skilled garden to increase knowledge of gardening.